America's obesity epidemic: Measuring physical activity to promote an active lifestyle

Nancy L. Keim, Cynthia A. Blanton, Mary J. Kretsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The incidence of overweight and obesity in the United States and worldwide has reached epidemic proportions. To effectively intervene, dietetics professionals and other health care practitioners need to address both sides of the energy balance equation when counseling clients and patients. Often, the focus on energy intake supersedes the promotion of a physically active lifestyle. Incorporating appropriate and sufficient physical activity into one's life is an essential component of achieving and maintaining a healthful body weight. This review summarizes background knowledge on the benefits of physical activity for health and provides an overview of available tools for measuring physical activity and energy expenditure. The physical and mental health benefits of an active lifestyle, current physical activity recommendations for the US public, the prevalence of inactivity in the United States, and components of energy expenditure are reviewed. Additionally, tools for estimating total energy expenditure, resting metabolic rate, and physical activity are evaluated and suitable approaches for applying these tools are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1398-1409
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American Dietetic Association
Volume104
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2004
Externally publishedYes

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physical activity
lifestyle
Life Style
obesity
Obesity
Exercise
energy expenditure
Energy Metabolism
Basal Metabolism
mental health
Dietetics
counseling
resting metabolic rate
Insurance Benefits
dietetics
Energy Intake
angle of incidence
energy balance
health services
Counseling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

America's obesity epidemic : Measuring physical activity to promote an active lifestyle. / Keim, Nancy L.; Blanton, Cynthia A.; Kretsch, Mary J.

In: Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Vol. 104, No. 9, 09.2004, p. 1398-1409.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Keim, Nancy L. ; Blanton, Cynthia A. ; Kretsch, Mary J. / America's obesity epidemic : Measuring physical activity to promote an active lifestyle. In: Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2004 ; Vol. 104, No. 9. pp. 1398-1409.
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