Ameliorating effect of an interferon inducer polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid on bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis in hamsters. Morphologic and biochemical evidence

S. N. Giri, D. M. Hyde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (Poly I:C), an inducer of interferons, on bleomycin (Bleo)-induced lung fibrosis was studied in hamsters. Poly I:C (10 mg/kg intraperitoneally) was administered for two days and immediately before intratracheal instillation of bleomycin (7.5 U/kg) or an equivalent volume of saline and thereafter daily for 13 days. The lung hydroxyproline in control, Poly I:C, Bleo, and Bleo + Poly I:C groups averaged 791, 752, 1177, and 766 μg/lung. As compared to control, the prolyl hydroxylase activity in the Bleo group was increased by 83% whereas in Bleo + Poly I:C group, the activity was increased by 42%. Protein in the bronchoalveolar lavage supernatant in Poly I:C, Bleo and Bleo + Poly I:C groups were 72,286, and 206% of the control, respectively. There was no difference in total leukocyte counts between Bleo + Poly I:C and Bleo groups, but the differential cell counts were changed. The numbers of neutrophils, monocytes, lymphocytes, and eosinophils were 50, 84, 91, and 10% of Bleo group, respectively. Morphometric estimates of the volume of parenchymal lesion within the lung showed that hamsters in Bleo + Poly I:C group had significantly less volume of lesion (1.0 cucm) than the Bleo group (1.6 cucm). In addition, the fibrotic lesions in Bleo + Poly I:C group were multifocal and primarily proximal acinar in location, had fewer extracellular fibres, neutrophils and monocytes. Poly I:C treatment ameliorated bleomycin-induced lung collagen accumulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)525-536
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume133
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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