Amanita mushroom poisoning: Efficacy of aggressive treatment of two dogs

John H. Tegzes, Birgit Puschner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Amatoxins, the primary toxins found in mushrooms of the genus Amanita, are very toxic to dogs. Acute fulminant liver failure and death can occur within a few days of ingestion. By their curious nature, dogs, especially young dogs, are prone to ingest mushrooms. Early identification of suspect mushrooms, and prompt emergency measures aimed at decreasing absorption of the toxins can improve the chance of survival. Knowing the major clinical syndromes associated with Amanita mushroom toxicosis can help direct the treatment and supportive care of affected animals and improve survival rates. We describe 2 cases in dogs with confirmed ingestion of Amanita phalloides and Amanita ocreata resulting in fulminant liver failure. Death occurred in I dog despite aggressive treatment measures including hemoperfusion, while aggressive measures resulted in a favorable outcome in the other dog.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)96-99
Number of pages4
JournalVeterinary and Human Toxicology
Volume44
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)
  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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