Altering dimer contacts in xylose reductase from Candida tenuis by site-directed mutagenesis

Structural and functional properties of R180A mutant

Mario Klimacek, Franz Wührer, Kathryn L. Kavanagh, David K. Wilson, Bernd Nidetzky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Xylose reductase (XR) from Candida tenuis (CtXR) is a structurally characterized member of family 2 of the aldo-keto reductase (AKR) superfamily of proteins, its family designation being AKR2B5. The enzyme is composed of two identical subunits that contact each other in a largely hydrated, predominantly polar interface. An important question not clearly answered by CtXR structure pertains to the relationship of oligomerization and enzyme activity. In an effort to destabilize the wild-type dimer, the most important secondary structural element of the CtXR interface, the α5 helix, was altered by site-directed mutagenesis. Ala-173 and Leu-174 were replaced individually by arginine, and Arg-180 was changed into alanine. A173R and L174R mutants did not fold properly during recombinant protein production in Escherichia coli and could not be isolated. Like the wild type, the R180A mutant is a dimer in solution which does not dissociate into subunits under mild urea conditions (≤2 M). Catalytic efficiency (kcat/Kxylose) and turnover number (kcat) of the R180A mutant for NADH-dependent reduction of D-xylose are both approximately 2.5-fold decreased compared to corresponding kinetic parameters of the wild type. Differences in kinetic isotope effects for the mutant (Dkcat=1.0; Dkcat/Kxylose=1.9) and the wild type (Dkcat=1.5; Dkcat/Kxylose=2.8) suggest subtle changes in catalytic function as result of the mutation. Therefore, altering interactions at the dimer interface may have long range effects that were not predictable from the X-ray structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)523-532
Number of pages10
JournalChemico-Biological Interactions
Volume143-144
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2003

Fingerprint

Aldehyde Reductase
Mutagenesis
Candida
Site-Directed Mutagenesis
Dimers
Xylose
Enzymes
Recombinant Proteins
Isotopes
Alanine
NAD
Arginine
Urea
Oligomerization
X-Rays
Enzyme activity
Escherichia coli
Kinetic parameters
Mutation
X rays

Keywords

  • Aldo-keto reductase
  • Folding
  • Interface
  • Oligomer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

Cite this

Altering dimer contacts in xylose reductase from Candida tenuis by site-directed mutagenesis : Structural and functional properties of R180A mutant. / Klimacek, Mario; Wührer, Franz; Kavanagh, Kathryn L.; Wilson, David K.; Nidetzky, Bernd.

In: Chemico-Biological Interactions, Vol. 143-144, 01.02.2003, p. 523-532.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Klimacek, Mario ; Wührer, Franz ; Kavanagh, Kathryn L. ; Wilson, David K. ; Nidetzky, Bernd. / Altering dimer contacts in xylose reductase from Candida tenuis by site-directed mutagenesis : Structural and functional properties of R180A mutant. In: Chemico-Biological Interactions. 2003 ; Vol. 143-144. pp. 523-532.
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