Alterations in Fc∈RI Induced by Protoporphyrin Plus Long-Wavelength Ultraviolet Light in Mouse Bone Marrow-Derived Mast Cells

An Yen, Fu-Tong Liu, Kim E. Barrett, Irma Gigli

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Abstract

As previously reported, protoporphyrin plus long-wavelength UV light (PP/UVA) inhibits IgE-mediated degranulation of mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells, as assessed by measurement of the release of β-hexosaminidase. This inhibitory effect was seen with cells sensitized with IgE either before or after PP/UVA treatment (57.8 and 55.3% inhibition, respectively). PP/UVA did not dissociate IgE already bound to cells as assessed either by measuring release of bound 125I-IgE or by flow cytometric analysis. Results from immunoadsorption followed by SDS-PAGE analysis suggested that PP/UVA treatment may cause stable conjugation of IgE to its receptor. In unsensitized cells, PP/UVA did not cause conjugation of the unoccupied Fc∈RI to other proteins in the plasma membrane. Nevertheless, Scatchard analysis revealed that PP/UVA decreased the number of Fc∈RI per cell by 37% (0.95 × 105 vs 1.51 × 105/cell), whereas affinity of the receptor for IgE was comparable between PP/UVA-treated and untreated cells (3.40 nM vs 3.27 nM). Flow cytometric analysis also confirmed the decrease in Fc∈RI number in PP/UVA-treated unsensitized mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells. Although 84% of PP/UVA-treated and 82% of untreated cells expressed positive fluorescence when stained with FITC-conjugated IgE, fluorescence intensity was reduced by 40% after PP/UVA treatment. We conclude that PP/UVA alters the conformational structure and/or number of Fc∈RI expressed on the mast cell surface. This effect could potentially explain the ability of PP/UVA to inhibit mast cell secretory function and may be related to an ability of PP/UVA to alter the properties of the plasma membrane.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1003-1011
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume151
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 15 1993

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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