All-trans retinoic acid regulates hepatic bile acid homeostasis

Fan Yang, Yuqi He, Hui Xin Liu, Jessica Tsuei, Xiaoyue Jiang, Li Yang, Zheng Tao Wang, Yu-Jui Yvonne Wan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Retinoic acid (RA) and bile acids share common roles in regulating lipid homeostasis and insulin sensitivity. In addition, the receptor for RA (retinoid x receptor) is a permissive partner of the receptor for bile acids, farnesoid x receptor (FXR/NR1H4). Thus, RA can activate the FXR-mediated pathway as well. The current study was designed to understand the effect of all-trans RA on bile acid homeostasis. Mice were fed an all-trans RA-supplemented diet and the expression of 46 genes that participate in regulating bile acid homeostasis was studied. The data showed that all-trans RA has a profound effect in regulating genes involved in synthesis and transport of bile acids. All-trans RA treatment reduced the gene expression levels of Cyp7a1, Cyp8b1, and Akr1d1, which are involved in bile acid synthesis. All-trans RA also decreased the hepatic mRNA levels of Lrh-1 (Nr5a2) and Hnf4α (Nr2a1), which positively regulate the gene expression of Cyp7a1 and Cyp8b1. Moreover, all-trans RA induced the gene expression levels of negative regulators of bile acid synthesis including hepatic Fgfr4, Fxr, and Shp (Nr0b2) as well as ileal Fgf15. All-trans RA also decreased the expression of Abcb11 and Slc51b, which have a role in bile acid transport. Consistently, all-trans RA reduced hepatic bile acid levels and the ratio of CA/CDCA, as demonstrated by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The data suggest that all-trans RA-induced SHP may contribute to the inhibition of CYP7A1 and CYP8B1, which in turn reduces bile acid synthesis and affects lipid absorption in the gastrointestinal tract.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)483-489
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 15 2015


  • CYP7A1
  • CYP8B1
  • FXR
  • Liver
  • Nuclear receptor
  • SHP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Biochemistry
  • Medicine(all)


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