Alkyl-terminated crystalline Ge nanoparticles prepared from NaGe: Synthesis, functionalization and optical properties

Xuchu Ma, Fengyi Wu, Susan M. Kauzlarich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High purity NaGe was directly prepared by a low-temperature reaction of NaH and Ge. The product was characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy. This material is a useful starting reagent for the preparation of Ge nanoparticles. Hydrogen-terminated germanium (Ge) nanoparticles were prepared by reaction of NaGe with NH4Br. These Ge nanoparticles could be prepared as amorphous or crystalline nanoparticles in quantitative yields and with a narrow size distribution. The nanoparticles were functionalized via thermally initiated hydrogermylation with 1-eicosyne, CH3(CH2)17C≡CH to produce alkyl-terminated Ge nanoparticles. The modified Ge nanoparticles were characterized by powder XRD, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and Raman spectroscopy, and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. The alkyl-functionalized Ge nanoparticles can be expected to have promising applications in many technological and biological areas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1628-1633
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume181
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2008

Fingerprint

Germanium
germanium
Optical properties
Nanoparticles
Crystalline materials
optical properties
nanoparticles
synthesis
X ray powder diffraction
x rays
Photoluminescence spectroscopy
diffraction
spectroscopy
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
reagents
Raman spectroscopy
Hydrogen
purity
infrared spectroscopy
electron energy

Keywords

  • Functionalization
  • Ge nanoparticles
  • Photoluminescence
  • Zintl salt NaGe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Alkyl-terminated crystalline Ge nanoparticles prepared from NaGe : Synthesis, functionalization and optical properties. / Ma, Xuchu; Wu, Fengyi; Kauzlarich, Susan M.

In: Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Vol. 181, No. 7, 07.2008, p. 1628-1633.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - High purity NaGe was directly prepared by a low-temperature reaction of NaH and Ge. The product was characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy. This material is a useful starting reagent for the preparation of Ge nanoparticles. Hydrogen-terminated germanium (Ge) nanoparticles were prepared by reaction of NaGe with NH4Br. These Ge nanoparticles could be prepared as amorphous or crystalline nanoparticles in quantitative yields and with a narrow size distribution. The nanoparticles were functionalized via thermally initiated hydrogermylation with 1-eicosyne, CH3(CH2)17C≡CH to produce alkyl-terminated Ge nanoparticles. The modified Ge nanoparticles were characterized by powder XRD, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and Raman spectroscopy, and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. The alkyl-functionalized Ge nanoparticles can be expected to have promising applications in many technological and biological areas.

AB - High purity NaGe was directly prepared by a low-temperature reaction of NaH and Ge. The product was characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy. This material is a useful starting reagent for the preparation of Ge nanoparticles. Hydrogen-terminated germanium (Ge) nanoparticles were prepared by reaction of NaGe with NH4Br. These Ge nanoparticles could be prepared as amorphous or crystalline nanoparticles in quantitative yields and with a narrow size distribution. The nanoparticles were functionalized via thermally initiated hydrogermylation with 1-eicosyne, CH3(CH2)17C≡CH to produce alkyl-terminated Ge nanoparticles. The modified Ge nanoparticles were characterized by powder XRD, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and Raman spectroscopy, and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. The alkyl-functionalized Ge nanoparticles can be expected to have promising applications in many technological and biological areas.

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