Alignment Targets, Curve Proportion and Mechanical Loading: Preliminary Analysis of an Ideal Shape Toward Reducing Proximal Junctional Kyphosis

on behalf of International Spine Study Group (ISSG)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Objective: Investigate risk factors for PJK including theoretical kyphosis, mechanical loading at the UIV and age adjusted offset alignment. Methods: 373 ASD patients (62.7 yrs ± 9.9; 81%F) with 2-year follow up and UIV of at least L1 and LIV of sacrum were included. Images of patients without PJK, with PJK and with PJF were compared using standard spinopelvic parameters before and after the application of the validated virtual alignment method which corrects for the compensatory mechanisms of PJK. Age-adjusted offset, theoretical thoracic kyphosis and mechanical loading at the UIV were then calculated and compared between groups. A subanalysis was performed based on the location of the UIV (upper thoracic (UT) vs. Lower thoracic (LT)). Results: At 2-years 172 (46.1%) had PJK, and 21 (5.6%) developed PJF. As PJK severity increased, the post-operative global alignment became more posterior secondary to increased over-correction of PT, PI-LL, and SVA (all P < 0.005). Also, a larger under correction of the theoretical TK (flattening) and a smaller bending moment at the UIV (underloading of UIV) was found. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that PI-LL and bending moment offsets from normative values were independent predictors of PJK/PJF in UT group; PT and bending moment difference were independent predictors for LT group. Conclusions: Spinopelvic over correction, under correction of TK (flattening), and under loading of the UIV (decreased bending moment) were associated with PJK and PJF. These differences are often missed when compensation for PJK is not accounted for in post-operative radiographs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalGlobal Spine Journal
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • adult spinal deformity
  • mechanical loading
  • proximal junctional kyphosis
  • risk factors
  • sagittal alignment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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