Alcohol-Related Crimes And Risk Of Arrest For Intimate Partner Violence Among California Handgun Purchasers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Intimate partner violence is a major public health problem in the US. Both firearms and alcohol have been documented to contribute to the risk and severity of this violence. Yet there has been little research examining the nexus of the two risk factors. This study sought to determine whether alcohol-related problems, as indicated by a history of conviction for offenses such as driving under the influence (DUI), were associated with risk for future intimate partner violence among authorized purchasers of handguns in California. Using a longitudinal cohort design, we found that purchasers with prior DUI convictions (and no other criminal history) had close to three times the risk of subsequent arrest for an intimate partner violence offense than did those with no criminal history at the time of the index firearm purchase. The regulation of firearm ownership among people with alcohol use problems may represent an important opportunity to reduce intimate partner violence and the escalation of firearm-related harm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1719-1726
Number of pages8
JournalHealth affairs (Project Hope)
Volume38
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

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Firearms
Crime
Alcohols
Ownership
Violence
Public Health
Intimate Partner Violence
Research
Driving Under the Influence

Keywords

  • Access to care
  • Alcoholism
  • Handguns
  • Health policy
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Public health
  • Violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

Cite this

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title = "Alcohol-Related Crimes And Risk Of Arrest For Intimate Partner Violence Among California Handgun Purchasers",
abstract = "Intimate partner violence is a major public health problem in the US. Both firearms and alcohol have been documented to contribute to the risk and severity of this violence. Yet there has been little research examining the nexus of the two risk factors. This study sought to determine whether alcohol-related problems, as indicated by a history of conviction for offenses such as driving under the influence (DUI), were associated with risk for future intimate partner violence among authorized purchasers of handguns in California. Using a longitudinal cohort design, we found that purchasers with prior DUI convictions (and no other criminal history) had close to three times the risk of subsequent arrest for an intimate partner violence offense than did those with no criminal history at the time of the index firearm purchase. The regulation of firearm ownership among people with alcohol use problems may represent an important opportunity to reduce intimate partner violence and the escalation of firearm-related harm.",
keywords = "Access to care, Alcoholism, Handguns, Health policy, Intimate partner violence, Pharmaceuticals, Public health, Violence",
author = "Hannah Laqueur and Kagawa, {Rose M.C.} and Mona Wright and Wintemute, {Garen J.}",
year = "2019",
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