Chronic alcoholism incurs major mortality risks from cirrhosis of the liver and fatal accidents, with less frequent diseases of acute and chronic pancreatitis, cardiac arrhythmias, peripheral neuropathy, and cognitive loss. Generalized malnutrition is common in chronic alcoholic patients, especially in the presence of liver disease, and is made manifest by weight and protein loss, anemia, and micronutrient deficiencies that include those of folate, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin, vitamins A and D, zinc, and iron. Malnutrition with these micronutrient deficiencies can be prevented by abstinence from drinking and treated with appropriate supplementation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Encyclopedia of Food and Health|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Sep 14 2015|
ASJC Scopus subject areas