Alcohol: Metabolism and Health Effects

C. H. Halsted, Valentina Medici

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Chronic alcoholism incurs major mortality risks from cirrhosis of the liver and fatal accidents, with less frequent diseases of acute and chronic pancreatitis, cardiac arrhythmias, peripheral neuropathy, and cognitive loss. Generalized malnutrition is common in chronic alcoholic patients, especially in the presence of liver disease, and is made manifest by weight and protein loss, anemia, and micronutrient deficiencies that include those of folate, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin, vitamins A and D, zinc, and iron. Malnutrition with these micronutrient deficiencies can be prevented by abstinence from drinking and treated with appropriate supplementation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Food and Health
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages82-87
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780123849533
ISBN (Print)9780123849472
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 14 2015

Keywords

  • Alcoholism
  • Benefits
  • Cancer
  • Cardiovascular
  • Diet
  • Folate
  • Iron
  • Liver
  • Nutrition
  • Pancreas
  • Pyridoxine
  • Risks
  • Thiamine
  • Zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Halsted, C. H., & Medici, V. (2015). Alcohol: Metabolism and Health Effects. In Encyclopedia of Food and Health (pp. 82-87). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-384947-2.00018-0