Chronic alcoholism occurs in approximately 7% of the adult population and incurs risks of liver disease and death, chronic pancreatitis, cardiac arrhythmias, peripheral neuropathy, and cognitive loss. Malnutrition is common in chronic alcoholism, especially in the presence of liver disease and is made manifest by weight and protein loss, anemia, and micronutrient deficiencies that include those of folate, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin, vitamins A and D, zinc, and iron. Malnutrition with these deficiencies can be prevented by abstinence from drinking and treated with appropriate supplementation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas