Single radial immunodiffusion was used to determine the concentration of the third component of complement (C3) in serum from swine in the following age groups; 36 to 60 hours (neonates), 6 to 7 weeks (weanlings), 4 to 5 months (adolescents) and greater than 1 year (adults). Mean serum C3 concentrations, expressed as the percentage of pooled reference sera from 15 adult swine for the 4 groups were 23, 123, 119, and 98%. With the exception of mean values for weanlings and adolescents, all comparisons of group means were significantly different. Regression models were developed to estimate serum C3 concentration in neonates as a function of litter size, birth weight, and total serum IgG concentration. Increases in birth weight and litter size were accompanied by increased serum C3 concentration, possibly reflecting ontogenic variation of the complement system at the end of gestation. Passive transfer of colostral immunoglobulins, as measured by total serum IgG concentration, was inversely related to serum C3 concentration in neonatal swine, suggesting that colostral absorption of C3 has minimal impact on complement activity in neonatal swine.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||American Journal of Veterinary Research|
|State||Published - Jul 1988|
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