Age-Related Effects on Cross-Modal Duration Perception

Alexandra N. Scurry, Dustin Dutcher, John S. Werner, Fang Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract Reliable duration perception of external events is necessary to coordinate perception with action, precisely discriminate speech, and for other daily functions. Visual duration perception can be heavily influenced by concurrent auditory signals; however, age-related effects on this process have received minimal attention. In the present study, we examined the effect of aging on duration perception by quantifying (1) duration discrimination thresholds, (2) auditory temporal dominance, and (3) visual duration expansion/compression percepts induced by an accompanying auditory stimulus of longer/shorter duration. Duration discrimination thresholds were significantly greater for visual than auditory tasks in both age groups, however there was no effect of age. While the auditory modality retained dominance in duration perception with age, older adults still performed worse than young adults when comparing durations of two target stimuli (e.g., visual) in the presence of distractors from the other modality (e.g., auditory). Finally, both age groups perceived similar visual duration compression, whereas older adults exhibited visual duration expansion over a wider range of auditory durations compared to their younger counterparts. Results are discussed in terms of multisensory integration and possible decision strategies that change with age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)693-714
Number of pages22
JournalMultisensory Research
Volume32
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Age Groups
Aging of materials
Auditory Threshold
Visual Perception
Young Adult
Discrimination (Psychology)

Keywords

  • aging
  • Cross-modal duration perception
  • multisensory integration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Cite this

Age-Related Effects on Cross-Modal Duration Perception. / Scurry, Alexandra N.; Dutcher, Dustin; Werner, John S.; Jiang, Fang.

In: Multisensory Research, Vol. 32, No. 8, 01.01.2019, p. 693-714.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Scurry, Alexandra N. ; Dutcher, Dustin ; Werner, John S. ; Jiang, Fang. / Age-Related Effects on Cross-Modal Duration Perception. In: Multisensory Research. 2019 ; Vol. 32, No. 8. pp. 693-714.
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