Age-dependent changes in diastolic Ca2+ and Na+ concentrations in dystrophic cardiomyopathy: Role of Ca2+ entry and IP3

Alfredo Mijares, Francisco Altamirano, Juan Kolster, José A. Adams, José R. López

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a lethal X-inherited disease caused by dystrophin deficiency. Besides the relatively well characterized skeletal muscle degenerative processes, DMD is also associated with a dilated cardiomyopathy that leads to progressive heart failure at the end of the second decade. The aim of the present study was to characterize the diastolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]d) and diastolic Na+ concentration ([Na+]d) abnormalities in cardiomyocytes isolated from 3-, 6-, 9-, and 12-month old mdx mice using ion-selective microelectrodes. In addition, the contributions of gadolinium (Gd3+)-sensitive Ca2+ entry and inositol triphosphate (IP3) signaling pathways in abnormal [Ca2+]d and [Na+]d were investigated. Our results showed an age-dependent increase in both [Ca2+]d and [Na+]d in dystrophic cardiomyocytes compared to those isolated from age-matched wt mice. Gd3+ treatment significantly reduced both [Ca2+]d and [Na+]d at all ages. In addition, blockade of the IP3-pathway with either U-73122 or xestospongin C significantly reduced ion concentrations in dystrophic cardiomyocytes. Co-treatment with U-73122 and Gd3+ normalized both [Ca2+]d and [Na+]d at all ages in dystrophic cardiomyocytes. These data showed that loss of dystrophin in mdx cardiomyocytes produced an age-dependent intracellular Ca2+ and Na+ overload mediated at least in part by enhanced Ca2+ entry through Gd3+ sensitive transient receptor potential channels (TRPC), and by IP3 receptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1054-1059
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume452
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 3 2014

Fingerprint

Dystrophin
Cardiomyopathies
Cardiac Myocytes
Ions
Transient Receptor Potential Channels
Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors
Microelectrodes
Gadolinium
Inositol
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
Muscle
Inbred mdx Mouse
Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Skeletal Muscle
Heart Failure
1-(6-((3-methoxyestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-17-yl)amino)hexyl)-1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione
triphosphoric acid
xestospongin C

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Calcium
  • Duchenne cardiomyopathy
  • Inositol triphosphate receptors
  • Sodium
  • Transient receptor potential channels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Age-dependent changes in diastolic Ca2+ and Na+ concentrations in dystrophic cardiomyopathy : Role of Ca2+ entry and IP3. / Mijares, Alfredo; Altamirano, Francisco; Kolster, Juan; Adams, José A.; López, José R.

In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol. 452, No. 4, 03.10.2014, p. 1054-1059.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mijares, Alfredo ; Altamirano, Francisco ; Kolster, Juan ; Adams, José A. ; López, José R. / Age-dependent changes in diastolic Ca2+ and Na+ concentrations in dystrophic cardiomyopathy : Role of Ca2+ entry and IP3. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 2014 ; Vol. 452, No. 4. pp. 1054-1059.
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