African Swine Fever

An Epidemiological Update

J. M. Sánchez-Vizcaíno, L. Mur, Beatriz Martinez Lopez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

African swine fever (ASF) is one of the most important swine diseases, mainly because of its significant sanitary and socioeconomic consequences. This review gives an update on the epidemiology of the disease and reviews key issues and strategies to improve control of the disease and promote its eradication. Several characteristics of ASF virus (ASFV) make its control and eradication difficult, including the absence of available vaccines, marked virus resistance in infected material and contaminated animal products, and a complex epidemiology and transmission involving tick reservoir virus interactions. The incidence of ASF has not only increased on the African continent over the last 15years, so that it now affects West African countries, Mauritius and Madagascar, but it has also reached new areas, such as the Caucasus region in 2007. In fact, the rapid spread of the disease on the European continent and the uncontrolled situation in the Russian Federation places all countries at great risk as a result of intense global trade. The proximity of some affected areas to the European Union (EU) borders (<150km) has increased concerns about the potential economic consequences of an ASF incursion into the EU pig sector. Establishing effective surveillance, control and eradication programmes that implicate all actors (veterinarians, farmers, and policy makers) is essential for controlling ASF. African swine fever -free countries should be aware of the potential risk of ASF incursion and implement risk reduction measures such as trade controls and other sanitary measures. This review will discuss lessons learnt so far about ASF control, current challenges to its control and future studies needed to support global efforts at prevention and control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-35
Number of pages9
JournalTransboundary and Emerging Diseases
Volume59
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

African Swine Fever
African swine fever
European Union
epidemiology
Epidemiology
Swine Diseases
Mauritius
African Swine Fever Virus
African swine fever virus
Viruses
Madagascar
viruses
swine diseases
Veterinarians
animal products
risk reduction
Ticks
Risk Reduction Behavior
Administrative Personnel
Russia

Keywords

  • African swine fever
  • Epidemiology
  • Prevention and control
  • Update

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

Cite this

African Swine Fever : An Epidemiological Update. / Sánchez-Vizcaíno, J. M.; Mur, L.; Martinez Lopez, Beatriz.

In: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, Vol. 59, No. SUPPL. 1, 03.2012, p. 27-35.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sánchez-Vizcaíno, J. M. ; Mur, L. ; Martinez Lopez, Beatriz. / African Swine Fever : An Epidemiological Update. In: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. 2012 ; Vol. 59, No. SUPPL. 1. pp. 27-35.
@article{93e2556541014c2dac4398bb2b14bd99,
title = "African Swine Fever: An Epidemiological Update",
abstract = "African swine fever (ASF) is one of the most important swine diseases, mainly because of its significant sanitary and socioeconomic consequences. This review gives an update on the epidemiology of the disease and reviews key issues and strategies to improve control of the disease and promote its eradication. Several characteristics of ASF virus (ASFV) make its control and eradication difficult, including the absence of available vaccines, marked virus resistance in infected material and contaminated animal products, and a complex epidemiology and transmission involving tick reservoir virus interactions. The incidence of ASF has not only increased on the African continent over the last 15years, so that it now affects West African countries, Mauritius and Madagascar, but it has also reached new areas, such as the Caucasus region in 2007. In fact, the rapid spread of the disease on the European continent and the uncontrolled situation in the Russian Federation places all countries at great risk as a result of intense global trade. The proximity of some affected areas to the European Union (EU) borders (<150km) has increased concerns about the potential economic consequences of an ASF incursion into the EU pig sector. Establishing effective surveillance, control and eradication programmes that implicate all actors (veterinarians, farmers, and policy makers) is essential for controlling ASF. African swine fever -free countries should be aware of the potential risk of ASF incursion and implement risk reduction measures such as trade controls and other sanitary measures. This review will discuss lessons learnt so far about ASF control, current challenges to its control and future studies needed to support global efforts at prevention and control.",
keywords = "African swine fever, Epidemiology, Prevention and control, Update",
author = "S{\'a}nchez-Vizca{\'i}no, {J. M.} and L. Mur and {Martinez Lopez}, Beatriz",
year = "2012",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1111/j.1865-1682.2011.01293.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "59",
pages = "27--35",
journal = "Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series A: Physiology Pathology Clinical Medicine",
issn = "1865-1674",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "SUPPL. 1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - African Swine Fever

T2 - An Epidemiological Update

AU - Sánchez-Vizcaíno, J. M.

AU - Mur, L.

AU - Martinez Lopez, Beatriz

PY - 2012/3

Y1 - 2012/3

N2 - African swine fever (ASF) is one of the most important swine diseases, mainly because of its significant sanitary and socioeconomic consequences. This review gives an update on the epidemiology of the disease and reviews key issues and strategies to improve control of the disease and promote its eradication. Several characteristics of ASF virus (ASFV) make its control and eradication difficult, including the absence of available vaccines, marked virus resistance in infected material and contaminated animal products, and a complex epidemiology and transmission involving tick reservoir virus interactions. The incidence of ASF has not only increased on the African continent over the last 15years, so that it now affects West African countries, Mauritius and Madagascar, but it has also reached new areas, such as the Caucasus region in 2007. In fact, the rapid spread of the disease on the European continent and the uncontrolled situation in the Russian Federation places all countries at great risk as a result of intense global trade. The proximity of some affected areas to the European Union (EU) borders (<150km) has increased concerns about the potential economic consequences of an ASF incursion into the EU pig sector. Establishing effective surveillance, control and eradication programmes that implicate all actors (veterinarians, farmers, and policy makers) is essential for controlling ASF. African swine fever -free countries should be aware of the potential risk of ASF incursion and implement risk reduction measures such as trade controls and other sanitary measures. This review will discuss lessons learnt so far about ASF control, current challenges to its control and future studies needed to support global efforts at prevention and control.

AB - African swine fever (ASF) is one of the most important swine diseases, mainly because of its significant sanitary and socioeconomic consequences. This review gives an update on the epidemiology of the disease and reviews key issues and strategies to improve control of the disease and promote its eradication. Several characteristics of ASF virus (ASFV) make its control and eradication difficult, including the absence of available vaccines, marked virus resistance in infected material and contaminated animal products, and a complex epidemiology and transmission involving tick reservoir virus interactions. The incidence of ASF has not only increased on the African continent over the last 15years, so that it now affects West African countries, Mauritius and Madagascar, but it has also reached new areas, such as the Caucasus region in 2007. In fact, the rapid spread of the disease on the European continent and the uncontrolled situation in the Russian Federation places all countries at great risk as a result of intense global trade. The proximity of some affected areas to the European Union (EU) borders (<150km) has increased concerns about the potential economic consequences of an ASF incursion into the EU pig sector. Establishing effective surveillance, control and eradication programmes that implicate all actors (veterinarians, farmers, and policy makers) is essential for controlling ASF. African swine fever -free countries should be aware of the potential risk of ASF incursion and implement risk reduction measures such as trade controls and other sanitary measures. This review will discuss lessons learnt so far about ASF control, current challenges to its control and future studies needed to support global efforts at prevention and control.

KW - African swine fever

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Prevention and control

KW - Update

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84858282553&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84858282553&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1865-1682.2011.01293.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1865-1682.2011.01293.x

M3 - Article

VL - 59

SP - 27

EP - 35

JO - Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series A: Physiology Pathology Clinical Medicine

JF - Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series A: Physiology Pathology Clinical Medicine

SN - 1865-1674

IS - SUPPL. 1

ER -