Affect recognition in adults with ADHD

Meghan Miller, Russell B. Hanford, Catherine Fassbender, Marshall Duke, Julie B. Schweitzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: This study compared affect recognition abilities between adults with and without ADHD. Method: The sample consisted of 51 participants (34 men, 17 women) divided into 3 groups: ADHD-combined type (ADHD-C; n = 17), ADHD-predominantly inattentive type (ADHD-I; n = 16), and controls (n = 18). The mean age was 34 years. Affect recognition abilities were assessed by the Diagnostic Analysis of Nonverbal Accuracy (DANVA). Results: ANOVA showed that the ADHD-I group made more fearful emotion errors relative to the control group. Inattentive symptoms were positively correlated, whereas hyperactive-impulsive symptoms were negatively correlated with affect recognition errors. Conclusion: These results suggested that affect recognition abilities may be impaired in adults with ADHD and that affect recognition abilities are more adversely affected by inattentive than hyperactive-impulsive symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)452-460
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Attention Disorders
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2011

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • adults
  • affect recognition
  • emotion
  • subtypes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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