Aerosolization system for experimental inhalation studiesof carbon-based nanomaterials

Amy K. Madl, Stephen V. Teague, Yongquan Qu, Daniel Masiel, James E. Evans, Ting Guo, Kent E Pinkerton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Assessing the human health risks associated with engineered nanomaterials is challenging because of the wide range of plausible exposure scenarios. While exposure to nanomaterials may occur through a number of pathways, inhalation is likely one of the most significant potential routes of exposure in industrial settings. An aerosolization system was developed to administer carbon nanomaterials from a dry bulk medium into airborne particles for delivery into a nose-only inhalation system. Utilization of a cannula-based feed system, diamond-coated wheel, aerosolization chamber, and krypton-85 source allows for delivery of otherwise difficult to produce respirable-sized particles. The particle size distribution (aerodynamic and actual) and morphology were characterized for different aerosolized carbon-based nanomaterials (e.g., single-walled carbon nanotubes and ultrafine carbon black). Airborne particles represented a range of size and morphological characteristics, all of which were agglomerated particles spanning in actual size from the nanosize range (<0.1 μm) to sizes greater than 5 and 10 μm for the particle's largest dimension. At a mass concentration of 1000 μg/m 3, the size distribution as measured by the inertial impactor ranged from 1.3 to 1.7μm with a σ g between 1.2 and 1.4 for all nanomaterial types. Because the aerodynamic size distribution is similar across different particle types, this system offers an opportunity to explore mechanisms by which different nanomaterial physicochemical characteristics impart different health effects while theoretically maintaining comparable deposition patterns in the lungs. This system utilizes relatively small amounts of dry material (<0.05 g/h), which may be beneficial when working with limited quantity or costly nanomaterials. 2011 08 16.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)94-107
Number of pages14
JournalAerosol Science and Technology
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution

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