Aerial adulticiding for the suppression of Culex tarsalis in Kern County, California, using low-volume propoxur: 1. Selection and evaluation of the application system.

C. H. Schaefer, H. L. Clement, William Reisen, F. S. Mulligan, R. B. Parman, W. H. Wilder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Propoxur applied aerially at 4.7 liters/ha was an effective adulticide against organophosphate resistant Culex tarsalis. Applications by fixed-wing and helicopter underslung spray systems equipped with hydraulic nozzles provided good coverage of test areas as indicated by the mortality patterns of sentinel mosquitoes. However, the propoxur wettable powder in larvicide oil formulation was dispersed in a very broad particle range. The fixed-wing (Ayres Thrush) aircraft treated 260 ha (640 acres) in 45 min and could carry a full load of 1500 liters (400 gal) at temperatures in excess of 38 degrees C. In contrast, the helicopter (Bell UH-1) with an underslung spray system (Simplex Model 6800) required over 2 hrs to treat the same area at lower temperatures and could not carry a full load of 570 liters (150 gal) at temperatures greater than 38 degrees C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)148-153
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Mosquito Control Association
Volume1
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 1985
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Insect Science

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