Advanced control of nonlinear beams with Pancharatnam-Berry metasurfaces

M. Tymchenko, Juan Sebastian Gomez Diaz, J. Lee, N. Nookala, M. A. Belkin, A. Alù

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The application of the Pancharatnam-Berry (PB) phase approach to the design of nonlinear metasurfaces has recently enabled subdiffractive phase control over the generated nonlinear fields, embedding phased array features in ultrathin structures. Here, we rigorously model, analyze, and design highly efficient nonlinear metasurfaces with advanced functionalities, including the generation of pencil beams steered in arbitrary directions in space, as well as vortex beams with polarization-dependent angular momentum, and we extend the PB approach to various nonlinear processes. To this purpose, we develop an accurate and efficient theoretical framework - inspired by the linear phase array theory - based on the effective nonlinear susceptibility method, thus avoiding the use of time-consuming numerical simulations. Our findings allow exploiting the flat nonlinear optics paradigm, enabling exciting applications based on subwavelength field control over flat and large-scale structures with giant nonlinear responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number214303
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume94
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 14 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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