Adrenergic regulation of adrenal and aortic heat shock protein

R. Udelsman, D. G. Li, C. A. Stagg, C. B. Gordon, R. Kvetnansky, Gregory Jurkovich, S. Saad

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Abstract

Background. Surgical stress results in catecholamine secretion and selective induction of the major heat shock protein (HSP70) in the adrenal gland and in the vasculature. The adrenal response is cortical-specific and corticotropin-dependent. The vascular response occurs in the smooth muscle and is corticotropin-independent. We previously suggested that the vascular response was associated with adrenergic receptor stimulation. Herein, we report a series of experiments designed to test the hypothesis that aortic HSP70 messenger RNA (mRNA) induction occurs as a direct and specific response to α1-adrenergic receptor stimulation. Methods. Acute and chronic indwelling central venous catheter models were developed in the Wistar rat through which the following agents were infused: the α1 agonist phenylephrine (0.14 mg kg), the β agonist isoproterenol (0.8 mg/kg), the α1 antagonist prazosin (1 mg/kg), prazosin followed by phenylephrine, or saline solution alone. Hemodynamic responses were monitored; catecholamines were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography; 60 minutes after infusion, the animals were killed, and the adrenal glands and aortas were assayed for HSP70 mRNA expression on Northern blots. Results. Alpha1 stimulation with phenylephrine resulted in marked hypertension, a reflexive bradycardia, and marked induction of aortic HSP70 mRNA. This effect could be completely abolished when the α1 antagonist prazosin was administered before phenylephrine treatment. The β agonist isoproterenol failed to induce aortic HSP70. A significant catecholamine response only occurred after prazosin administration. Conclusions. These studies show a functional interaction between α1 receptor stimulation and vascular HSP mRNA induction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-182
Number of pages6
JournalSurgery
Volume116
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Udelsman, R., Li, D. G., Stagg, C. A., Gordon, C. B., Kvetnansky, R., Jurkovich, G., & Saad, S. (1994). Adrenergic regulation of adrenal and aortic heat shock protein. Surgery, 116(2), 177-182.