Adrenalectomy outcomes are superior with the participation of residents and fellows

Carolyn D. Seib, David Y. Greenblatt, Michael Campbell, Wen T. Shen, Jessica E. Gosnell, Orlo H. Clark, Quan Yang Duh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Adrenalectomy is a complex procedure performed in many settings, with and without residents and fellows. Patients often ask, "Will trainees be participating in my operation?" and seek reassurance that their care will not be adversely affected. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between trainee participation and adrenalectomy perioperative outcomes. Study Design We performed a cohort study of patients who underwent adrenalectomy from the 2005 to 2011 American College of Surgeons NSQIP database. Trainee participation was classified as none, resident, or fellow, based on postgraduate year of the assisting surgeon. Associations between trainee participation and outcomes were determined via multivariate linear and logistic regression. Results Of 3,694 adrenalectomies, 732 (19.8%) were performed by an attending surgeon with no trainee, 2,315 (62.7%) involved a resident, and 647 (17.5%) involved a fellow. The participation of fellows was associated with fewer serious complications (7.9% with no trainee, 6.0% with residents, and 2.8% with fellows; p < 0.001). In a multivariate model, the odds of serious 30-day morbidity were lower when attending surgeons operated with residents (odds ratio = 0.63; 95% CI, 0.45-0.89). Fellow participation was associated with significantly lower odds of overall (odds ratio = 0.51; 95% CI, 0.32-0.82) and serious (odds ratio = 0.31; 95% CI, 0.17-0.57) morbidity. There was no significant association between trainee participation and 30-day mortality. Conclusions In this analysis of multi-institutional data, the participation of residents and fellows was associated with decreased odds of perioperative adrenalectomy complications. Attending surgeons performing adrenalectomies with trainee assistance should reassure patients of the equivalent or superior care they are receiving.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-60
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American College of Surgeons
Volume219
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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Adrenalectomy
Odds Ratio
Morbidity
Linear Models
Cohort Studies
Logistic Models
Databases
Mortality
Surgeons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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Adrenalectomy outcomes are superior with the participation of residents and fellows. / Seib, Carolyn D.; Greenblatt, David Y.; Campbell, Michael; Shen, Wen T.; Gosnell, Jessica E.; Clark, Orlo H.; Duh, Quan Yang.

In: Journal of the American College of Surgeons, Vol. 219, No. 1, 2014, p. 53-60.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Seib, Carolyn D. ; Greenblatt, David Y. ; Campbell, Michael ; Shen, Wen T. ; Gosnell, Jessica E. ; Clark, Orlo H. ; Duh, Quan Yang. / Adrenalectomy outcomes are superior with the participation of residents and fellows. In: Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 2014 ; Vol. 219, No. 1. pp. 53-60.
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abstract = "Background Adrenalectomy is a complex procedure performed in many settings, with and without residents and fellows. Patients often ask, {"}Will trainees be participating in my operation?{"} and seek reassurance that their care will not be adversely affected. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between trainee participation and adrenalectomy perioperative outcomes. Study Design We performed a cohort study of patients who underwent adrenalectomy from the 2005 to 2011 American College of Surgeons NSQIP database. Trainee participation was classified as none, resident, or fellow, based on postgraduate year of the assisting surgeon. Associations between trainee participation and outcomes were determined via multivariate linear and logistic regression. Results Of 3,694 adrenalectomies, 732 (19.8{\%}) were performed by an attending surgeon with no trainee, 2,315 (62.7{\%}) involved a resident, and 647 (17.5{\%}) involved a fellow. The participation of fellows was associated with fewer serious complications (7.9{\%} with no trainee, 6.0{\%} with residents, and 2.8{\%} with fellows; p < 0.001). In a multivariate model, the odds of serious 30-day morbidity were lower when attending surgeons operated with residents (odds ratio = 0.63; 95{\%} CI, 0.45-0.89). Fellow participation was associated with significantly lower odds of overall (odds ratio = 0.51; 95{\%} CI, 0.32-0.82) and serious (odds ratio = 0.31; 95{\%} CI, 0.17-0.57) morbidity. There was no significant association between trainee participation and 30-day mortality. Conclusions In this analysis of multi-institutional data, the participation of residents and fellows was associated with decreased odds of perioperative adrenalectomy complications. Attending surgeons performing adrenalectomies with trainee assistance should reassure patients of the equivalent or superior care they are receiving.",
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AB - Background Adrenalectomy is a complex procedure performed in many settings, with and without residents and fellows. Patients often ask, "Will trainees be participating in my operation?" and seek reassurance that their care will not be adversely affected. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between trainee participation and adrenalectomy perioperative outcomes. Study Design We performed a cohort study of patients who underwent adrenalectomy from the 2005 to 2011 American College of Surgeons NSQIP database. Trainee participation was classified as none, resident, or fellow, based on postgraduate year of the assisting surgeon. Associations between trainee participation and outcomes were determined via multivariate linear and logistic regression. Results Of 3,694 adrenalectomies, 732 (19.8%) were performed by an attending surgeon with no trainee, 2,315 (62.7%) involved a resident, and 647 (17.5%) involved a fellow. The participation of fellows was associated with fewer serious complications (7.9% with no trainee, 6.0% with residents, and 2.8% with fellows; p < 0.001). In a multivariate model, the odds of serious 30-day morbidity were lower when attending surgeons operated with residents (odds ratio = 0.63; 95% CI, 0.45-0.89). Fellow participation was associated with significantly lower odds of overall (odds ratio = 0.51; 95% CI, 0.32-0.82) and serious (odds ratio = 0.31; 95% CI, 0.17-0.57) morbidity. There was no significant association between trainee participation and 30-day mortality. Conclusions In this analysis of multi-institutional data, the participation of residents and fellows was associated with decreased odds of perioperative adrenalectomy complications. Attending surgeons performing adrenalectomies with trainee assistance should reassure patients of the equivalent or superior care they are receiving.

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