Adolescent smoking risk increases with wider income gaps between rich and poor

Ritesh Mistry, William J. McCarthy, Roberto de Vogli, Catherine M. Crespi, Qian Wu, Minal Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Data from a state-wide survey of California middle and high school students (N=20,203) were used to assess whether county income inequality and poverty rates were associated with adolescent smoking. Greater county income inequality, but not poverty rates, was associated with higher established smoking risk (p=0.0019). The association was stronger in males than females, whites than other ethnic groups, and urban than rural settings. Neither county income inequality nor poverty rates were associated with experimental smoking. The findings suggest that it may be important to consider and address economic inequality in the prevention and control of adolescent tobacco use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)222-229
Number of pages8
JournalHealth and Place
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • GIS
  • Income inequality
  • Multilevel
  • Tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Health(social science)

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    Mistry, R., McCarthy, W. J., de Vogli, R., Crespi, C. M., Wu, Q., & Patel, M. (2011). Adolescent smoking risk increases with wider income gaps between rich and poor. Health and Place, 17(1), 222-229. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2010.10.004