Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection of newborn macaques is a useful animal model to explore novel strategies to reduce perinatal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The availability of two easily distinguishable virus isolates, SIVmac251 and the simian/human immunodeficiency virus chimera SHIV-SF33, allows tracing the source of infection following inoculation with both viruses by different routes. In the present study, we evaluated the efficacy of pre- and postinoculation treatment regimens with 9-[2-(phosphonomethoxy)propyl]adenine (PMPA) to protect newborn macaques against simultaneous oral SIVmac251 and intravenous SHIV-SF33 inoculation. Untreated newborns became persistently infected following virus inoculation. When three pregnant macaques were given a single subcutaneous dose of PMPA 2 hr before cesarean section, their newborns became SIV-infected following SIV and SHIV inoculation shortly after birth. In contrast, when four newborn macaques were inoculated simultaneously with SIV and SHIV, and started immediately on PMPA treatment for 2 weeks, only one animal became persistently SIV-infected; the remaining three PMPA-treated newborns, however, had some evidence of an initial transient virus infection but were seronegative and healthy at 8 months of age. Our data demonstrate that PMPA treatment can reduce perinatal SIV infection and suggest that similar strategies may also be effective against HIV.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses|
|State||Published - Jun 10 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases