Adjuvant Therapy of Osteosarcoma - A Phase II Trial: Southwest Oncology Group Study 9139

Mark M. Zalupski, Cathryn Rankin, James R. Ryan, David R. Lucas, Jeffrey Muler, Keith S. Lanier, George Thomas Budd, J. Sybil Biermann, Frederick J Meyers, Karen Antman

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50 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND. The objective of this study was to estimate the time to treatment failure and survival rate of the three-drug combination of doxorubicin, cisplatin, and ifosfamide as primary and postoperative, adjunctive treatment for teenagers and adults with osteosarcoma (OS). METHODS. Sixty-three eligible patients with nonmetastatic OS of the extremities were registered from 24 institutions from February, 1992 through December, 1996. Chemotherapy was comprised of doxorubicin at a dose of 75 mg/m2 and cisplatin at a dose of 120 mg/m2, alternating with doxorubicin at a dose of 50 mg/m2 and ifosfamide at a dose of 8 g/m2. Four cycles were given prior to surgical resection, and four cycles were given after surgery. Outcome measures included the time to treatment failure, overall survival, toxicity, and centralized assessment of tumor necrosis. RESULTS. Thirty-one of 63 eligible patients died, for a 5-year overall survival rate of 58% (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 46-71%). The median time to treatment failure was 19 months (95% CI, 12-41 months). A good pathologic response (≥ 90% necrosis) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy was observed in 48% of patients who underwent surgery. There was no correlation noted between response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and patient outcome. Grade 4 hematologic toxicities were frequent (89%), although serious nonhematologic toxicities other than nausea and emesis were uncommon. CONCLUSIONS. The regimen and schedule used in the current study did not improve outcomes compared with prior trials of doxorubicin and cisplatin alone. New, more effective drugs are needed for the treatment of patients with OS. The identification and utilization of molecular markers to predict outcome and response to therapy would facilitate clinical management, limiting exposure to toxic therapies for patients with favorable molecular profiles and identifying those patients who may fail with current approaches as candidates for clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)818-825
Number of pages8
JournalCancer
Volume100
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2004

Keywords

  • Adjuvant chemotherapy
  • Cisplatin
  • Doxorubicin
  • Ifosfamide
  • Osteosarcoma (OS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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    Zalupski, M. M., Rankin, C., Ryan, J. R., Lucas, D. R., Muler, J., Lanier, K. S., Budd, G. T., Biermann, J. S., Meyers, F. J., & Antman, K. (2004). Adjuvant Therapy of Osteosarcoma - A Phase II Trial: Southwest Oncology Group Study 9139. Cancer, 100(4), 818-825. https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.20021