Adjuvant chemotherapy for osteosarcoma: A randomized prospective trial

F. Eilber, A. Giuliano, J. Eckardt, K. Patterson, S. Moseley, J. Goodnight

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393 Scopus citations


To determine the role of chemotherapy in the multi- disciplinary treatment of patients with osteosarcoma, a randomized prospective trial of postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy was begun in 1981. Fifty-nine patients with nonmetastic classic intramedullary osteosarcoma were randomized; 32 received postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy consisting of high-dose mehtotrexate, Adriamycin (Adria Laboratories, Columbus, OH), and BCD (bleomycin, cytoxan, actinomycin D), and 27 patients received no adjuvant chemotherapy. At a median follow-up of 2 years, there was a statistically significant improvement in both disease-free and overall survival in those who received adjuvant chemotherapy. In addition, there was no difference in the <20% disease-free or over-all survival of patients treated in the 1970s who did not receive chemotherapy, as compared with the concurrent nontreatment controls. Therefore, with identical staging procedures, uniform surgical management, and standard pathologic evaluation, postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy definitely improves disease-free and overall survival in patients with osteosarcoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-26
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology


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