To determine the role of chemotherapy in the multi- disciplinary treatment of patients with osteosarcoma, a randomized prospective trial of postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy was begun in 1981. Fifty-nine patients with nonmetastic classic intramedullary osteosarcoma were randomized; 32 received postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy consisting of high-dose mehtotrexate, Adriamycin (Adria Laboratories, Columbus, OH), and BCD (bleomycin, cytoxan, actinomycin D), and 27 patients received no adjuvant chemotherapy. At a median follow-up of 2 years, there was a statistically significant improvement in both disease-free and overall survival in those who received adjuvant chemotherapy. In addition, there was no difference in the <20% disease-free or over-all survival of patients treated in the 1970s who did not receive chemotherapy, as compared with the concurrent nontreatment controls. Therefore, with identical staging procedures, uniform surgical management, and standard pathologic evaluation, postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy definitely improves disease-free and overall survival in patients with osteosarcoma.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Oncology|
|State||Published - 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research