Adjacent bronchus attenuates pulmonary arterial contractility

Satyanarayana Lakshminrusimha, James A. Russell, Sylvia F. Gugino, Rita M. Ryan, Bobby Mathew, Lori C. Nielsen, Frederick C. Morin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bronchus-derived relaxing factor (BrDRF) decreases contractility of newborn rat pulmonary arteries (PA) and is dependent on nitric oxide (NO) synthesis. In vivo, this factor appears to gain access via the adventitial side of the PA. However, the adventitia has been reported to be a barrier to NO. We studied the effect of an adjacent bronchus on PA contractility to norepinephrine in nine juvenile lambs in the presence and absence of inhibitors of the NO pathway (LNA, ODQ, and Rp-8-Br-PET-cGMPS), cytochrome P-450 inhibitor (17-ODYA), perivascular nerve activity blocker (TTX), and superoxide scavenger (tiron), and following disruption of bronchial epithelium. We also evaluated whether BrDRF was effective on both the endothelial and/or adventitial side of PA. Fifth-generation PA rings with and without an attached bronchus were contracted in standard baths with norepinephrine. PA were dissected, cut open, and placed in a sided chamber in which adventitial and endothelial sides of the PA were exposed to unattached bronchus separately. Norepinephrine (10 -8 to 10 -5 M) contractions were expressed as a fraction of maximal KCl (118 mM) contractions. Norepinephrine contractions were significantly reduced by the presence of an attached bronchus, an effect reversed by pretreatment with LNA, ODQ, and Rp-8-Br-PET-cGMPS, and removal of bronchial epithelium. Unattached bronchus in the bath perfusing the adventitial side was effective in inhibiting the contractile response in PA. NO gas relaxed PA when administered on the endothelial side only. We speculate that BrDRF is a diffusible factor that crosses the adventitia and stimulates production of NO within the PA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume291
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 13 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Nitric oxide
  • Norepinephrine
  • Pulmonary vascular resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

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