Adipocyte-derived secretory proteins have been increasingly linked to diabetes. To investigate whether adiponectin, a major adipocyte secretory protein, predicts diabetes, we conducted a case-cohort study representing the ∼9-year experience of the 10,275 middle-aged, U.S. African-American and white participants of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. Adiponectin was measured on stored plasma of 581 incident diabetes case subjects and 572 noncase subjects. Overall hazard ratios (95% CIs) for developing diabetes, for those in the second, third, and fourth (versus the first) quartile of adiponectin were 0.57 (0.41-0.78), 0.39 (0.27-0.56), and 0.18 (0.11-0.27), respectively, after adjustment for age, sex, ethnicity, study center, parental history of diabetes, and hypertension and 0.72 (0.48-1.09), 0.67 (0.43-1.04), and 0.58 (0.34-0.99), respectively, after additional adjustment for BMI, waist-to-hip ratio, fasting glucose, insulin, and a score composed of six inflammation markers. The association was of similar magnitude in men and women and in whites and African Americans, but was absent in smokers and in those with a greater inflammation score (interaction P < 0.01 for each). In conclusion, in this community-based sample of U.S. adults, higher adiponectin levels were associated with a lower incidence of diabetes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism