Adherence to and outcomes of a University-Consortium gastroschisis pathway

University of California Fetal Consortium

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Our multi-institutional university consortium implemented a gastroschisis pathway in 2015 to standardize and improve care by promoting avoidance of routine intubation and paralysis during silo placement, expeditious abdominal wall closure, discontinuation of antibiotics/narcotics within 48 h of closure, and early initiation/advancement of feeds. Methods: Adherence to the gastroschisis pathway was prospectively monitored. Outcomes for the contemporary cohort (2015–2018) were compared with a historical cohort (2007–2012). Results: Good adherence to the pathway was observed for 70 cases of inborn uncomplicated gastroschisis. The contemporary cohort had significantly lower median mechanical ventilator days (2 versus 5; p < 0.01) and antibiotic days (5.5 versus 9; p < 0.01) as well as earlier days to initiation of feeds (12 versus 15; p < 0.01). However, no differences were observed in length of stay (28 versus 29 days; p = 0.70). A skin closure technique was performed in 66% of the patients, of which 46% were performed at bedside without intubation, the assistance of an operating-room team, or general anesthesia. Conclusion: In this study, adherence to a clinical pathway for gastroschisis across different facilities was feasible and led to reduction in exposure to mechanical ventilation and antibiotics. The adoption of a bedside skin closure technique appears to facilitate compliance with the pathway. Level of evidence: Level II/III Type of study: Prospective comparative study with historical cohort

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-48
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of pediatric surgery
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Gastroschisis
  • Guidelines
  • Nonoperative
  • Outcomes
  • Pathway
  • Sutureless

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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