Adenosine Deaminases That Act on RNA (ADARs)

Yuru Wang, Yuxuan Zheng, Peter A. Beal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inosine is one of the most common modifications found in human RNAs and the Adenosine Deaminases that act on RNA (ADARs) are the main enzymes responsible for its production. ADARs were first discovered in the 1980s and since then our understanding of ADARs has advanced tremendously. For instance, it is now known that defective ADAR function can cause human diseases. Furthermore, recently solved crystal structures of the human ADAR2 deaminase bound to RNA have provided insights regarding the catalytic and substrate recognition mechanisms. In this chapter, we describe the occurrence of inosine in human RNAs and the newest perspective on the ADAR family of enzymes, including their substrate recognition, catalytic mechanism, regulation as well as the consequences of A-to-I editing, and their relation to human diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEnzymes
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Keywords

  • ADARs
  • Adenosine deamination
  • Epitranscriptomics
  • Inosine
  • MRNA modification
  • RNA editing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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