We report the primary structure of three novel, putative zinc metalloproteases designated ADAM-TS5, ADAM-TS6, and ADAM-TS7. All have a similar domain organization, comprising a preproregion, a reprolysin-type catalytic domain, a disintegrin-like domain, a thrombospondin type-1 (TS) module, a cysteine-rich domain, a spacer domain without cysteine residues, and a COOH-terminal TS module. These genes are differentially regulated during mouse embryogenesis and in adult tissues, with Adamts5 highly expressed in the peri-implantation period in embryo and trophoblast. These proteins are similar to four other cognate gene products, defining a distinct family of human reprolysin-like metalloproteases, the ADAM-TS family. The other members of the family are ADAM-TS1, an inflammation-induced gene, the procollagen I/II amino-propeptide processing enzyme (PCINP, ADAM-TS2), and proteins predicted by the KIAA0366 and KIAA0688 genes (ADAMTS3 and ADAM-TS4). Individual ADAM-TS members differ in the number of COOH-terminal TS modules, and some have unique COOH-terminal domains. The ADAM-TS genes are dispersed in human and mouse genomes.
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