The appearance of the lysosomal enzymes acid phosphatase, arylsulfatase, and β-glucuronidase was studied during endochondral bone and bone marrow formation induced by implantation of demineralized bone matrix. The activities of acid phosphatase and β-glucuronidase gradually increased from the stage of mesenchymal cell proliferation on Day 3 onward to reach a peak on Day 13, during maximal bone remodeling. However, arysulfatase activity exhibited a sharp increase on Day 9, associated with the onset of cartilage hypertrophy and chondrolysis. The peak of arylsulfatase activity was also attained on Day 13. The activities of all three enzymes declined on Day 15 but acid phosphatase again exhibited an increase during hematopoietic bone marrow differentiation on Days 19-21. Histochemical and ultrastructural studies revealed intense lysosomal enzyme activity in macrophage-like cells on Day 7 and thereafter. During chondrolysis and bone remodeling, these cells were present in a perivascular location. Osteoclasts also exhibited strong reactivity for the lysosomal enzymes. Due to its characteristic temporal appearance during development of endochondral bone, arysulfatase may be used as a marker enzyme for chondrolysis and bone resorption.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Biology