Activation of emotion information in text among younger and older adults

Lisa M. Soederberg, Elizabeth A.L. Stine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ability to represent emotions is an important capacity for the understanding of discourse. In the current literature, it is unclear whether older adults represent emotion information in the course of language processing, in particular as it relates to developing an adequate mental model of characters in narratives. We addressed this issue in two studies, one assessing emotion activation at the word level and the other at the mental model level. In the first experiment, subjects performed a lexical decision task in which words were drawn from both logic- and emotion-based categories. For both category types, priming was evident for young and old. In the second experiment, subjects read passages with emotion information that was consistent or inconsistent with the implied emotional tone. Both age groups showed an increase in reading time in response to inconsistent emotion information, indicating that the protagonist's emotional state was represented while reading. Results of these studies generally suggest age preservation in the activation of emotion information in language processing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-36
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Adult Development
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

activation
Young Adult
Emotions
emotion
Reading
Language
Aptitude
experiment
language
age group
Age Groups
narrative
discourse
ability

Keywords

  • discourse understanding
  • Emotion
  • inconsistency
  • lexical decision
  • reading time
  • recall

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Cite this

Activation of emotion information in text among younger and older adults. / Soederberg, Lisa M.; Stine, Elizabeth A.L.

In: Journal of Adult Development, Vol. 2, No. 1, 01.01.1995, p. 23-36.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{b21b4c037dd2431db7cac0e6e8bd8181,
title = "Activation of emotion information in text among younger and older adults",
abstract = "The ability to represent emotions is an important capacity for the understanding of discourse. In the current literature, it is unclear whether older adults represent emotion information in the course of language processing, in particular as it relates to developing an adequate mental model of characters in narratives. We addressed this issue in two studies, one assessing emotion activation at the word level and the other at the mental model level. In the first experiment, subjects performed a lexical decision task in which words were drawn from both logic- and emotion-based categories. For both category types, priming was evident for young and old. In the second experiment, subjects read passages with emotion information that was consistent or inconsistent with the implied emotional tone. Both age groups showed an increase in reading time in response to inconsistent emotion information, indicating that the protagonist's emotional state was represented while reading. Results of these studies generally suggest age preservation in the activation of emotion information in language processing.",
keywords = "discourse understanding, Emotion, inconsistency, lexical decision, reading time, recall",
author = "Soederberg, {Lisa M.} and Stine, {Elizabeth A.L.}",
year = "1995",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/BF02261739",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2",
pages = "23--36",
journal = "Journal of Adult Development",
issn = "1068-0667",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Activation of emotion information in text among younger and older adults

AU - Soederberg, Lisa M.

AU - Stine, Elizabeth A.L.

PY - 1995/1/1

Y1 - 1995/1/1

N2 - The ability to represent emotions is an important capacity for the understanding of discourse. In the current literature, it is unclear whether older adults represent emotion information in the course of language processing, in particular as it relates to developing an adequate mental model of characters in narratives. We addressed this issue in two studies, one assessing emotion activation at the word level and the other at the mental model level. In the first experiment, subjects performed a lexical decision task in which words were drawn from both logic- and emotion-based categories. For both category types, priming was evident for young and old. In the second experiment, subjects read passages with emotion information that was consistent or inconsistent with the implied emotional tone. Both age groups showed an increase in reading time in response to inconsistent emotion information, indicating that the protagonist's emotional state was represented while reading. Results of these studies generally suggest age preservation in the activation of emotion information in language processing.

AB - The ability to represent emotions is an important capacity for the understanding of discourse. In the current literature, it is unclear whether older adults represent emotion information in the course of language processing, in particular as it relates to developing an adequate mental model of characters in narratives. We addressed this issue in two studies, one assessing emotion activation at the word level and the other at the mental model level. In the first experiment, subjects performed a lexical decision task in which words were drawn from both logic- and emotion-based categories. For both category types, priming was evident for young and old. In the second experiment, subjects read passages with emotion information that was consistent or inconsistent with the implied emotional tone. Both age groups showed an increase in reading time in response to inconsistent emotion information, indicating that the protagonist's emotional state was represented while reading. Results of these studies generally suggest age preservation in the activation of emotion information in language processing.

KW - discourse understanding

KW - Emotion

KW - inconsistency

KW - lexical decision

KW - reading time

KW - recall

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=21444449425&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=21444449425&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/BF02261739

DO - 10.1007/BF02261739

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:21444449425

VL - 2

SP - 23

EP - 36

JO - Journal of Adult Development

JF - Journal of Adult Development

SN - 1068-0667

IS - 1

ER -