Activation of calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor during ozone inhalation contributes to airway epithelial injury and repair

Karen L. Oslund, Dallas M. Hyde, Leialoha F. Putney, Mario F. Alfaro, William F. Walby, Nancy K. Tyler, Edward S Schelegle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The authors investigated the importance of the neuropeptide, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), in epithelial injury, repair, and neutrophil emigration after ozone exposure. Wistar rats were administered either a CGRP-receptor antagonist (CGRP 8-37) or saline and exposed to 8 hours of 1-ppm ozone or filtered air with an 8-hour postexposure period. Immediately after exposure, ethidium homodimer was instilled into lungs as a marker of necrotic airway epithelial cells. After fixation, airway dissected lung lobes were stained for 5'-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine, a marker of epithelial proliferation. Positive epithelial cells were quantified in specific airway generations. Rats treated with CGRP 8-37 had significantly reduced epithelial injury in terminal bronchioles and reduced epithelial proliferation in proximal airways and terminal bronchioles. Bronchoalveolar lavage and sections of terminal bronchioles showed no significant difference in the number of neutrophils emigrating into airways in CGRP 8-37-treated rats. The airway epithelial cell line, HBE-1, showed no difference in the number of oxidant stress positive cells during exposure to hydrogen peroxide and a range of CGRP 8-37 doses, demonstrating no antioxidant effect of CGRP 8-37. We conclude that activation of CGRP receptors during ozone inhalation contributes to airway epithelial injury and subsequent epithelial proliferation, a critical component of repair, but does not influence neutrophil emigration into airways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)805-813
Number of pages9
JournalToxicologic Pathology
Volume37
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor
  • Cell proliferation
  • Neuropeptide
  • Neutrophil emigration
  • Oxidant airway injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Toxicology
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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