Acremonium and trichosporon fungal keratoconjunctivitis in a Leopard Gecko (Eublepharis macularius)

Christian Munevar, Bret A. Moore, Molly D. Gleeson, Sarah M. Ozawa, Christopher J Murphy, Joanne R Paul-Murphy, Brian C Leonard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

A 6-year-old male leopard gecko (Eublepharis macularius) was presented with a 2-year history of recurrent dysecdysis involving the ocular surface of both eyes. Ophthalmic examination revealed ocular surface desiccation and multifocal superficial ulcerative keratitis with patchy remnants of retained shed. Other abnormalities included stomatitis and mandibular and maxillary osteomyelitis. Topical and systemic antibiotic therapy, oral vitamin A, and improved husbandry conditions resolved the stomatitis and osteomyelitis but did not improve the ocular surface. Corneal cytology collected with a cytobrush revealed branching hyphae and budding yeast consistent with fungal keratitis. Fungal culture grew Acremonium sp. and Trichosporon sp. The addition of topical antifungal therapy improved the ocular surface health, but the patient was euthanized 7 weeks after initial presentation for persistent vomiting and dyspnea. Necropsy was declined. This case describes the first case of fungal keratitis caused by Acremonium sp. and Trichosporon sp. in a reptile.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalVeterinary Ophthalmology
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • corneal ulceration
  • dysecdysis
  • fungicidal
  • hypovitaminosis A
  • keratitis
  • reptile

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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