ACGME case logs: Surgery resident experience in operative trauma for two decades

Frederick Thurston Drake, Erik G. Van Eaton, Ciara R. Huntington, Gregory Jurkovich, Shahram Aarabi, Kenneth W. Gow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Surgery resident education is based on experiential training, which is influenced by changes in clinical management strategies, technical and technologic advances, and administrative regulations. Trauma care has been exposed to each of these factors, prompting concerns about resident experience in operative trauma. The current study analyzed the reported volume of operative trauma for the last two decades; to our knowledge, this is the first evaluation of nationwide trends during such an extended time line. METHODS: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) database of operative logs was queried from academic year (AY) 1989-1990 to 2009-2010 to identify shifts in trauma operative experience. Annual case log data for each cohort of graduating surgery residents were combined into approximately 5-year blocks, designated Period I (AY1989-1990 to AY1993-1994), Period II (AY1994-1995 to AY1998-1999), Period III (AY1999-2000 to AY2002-2003), and Period IV (AY2003-2004 to AY2009-2010). The latter two periods were delineated by the year in which duty hour restrictions were implemented. RESULTS: Overall general surgery caseload increased from Period I to Period II (p < 0.001), remained stable from Period II to Period III, and decreased from Period III to Period IV (p < 0.001). However, for ACGME-designated trauma cases, there were significant declines from Period I to Period II (75.5 vs. 54.5 cases, p < 0.001) and Period II to Period III (54.5 vs. 39.3 cases, p < 0.001) but no difference between Period III and Period IV (39.3 vs. 39.4 cases). Graduating residents in Period I performed, on average, 31 intra-abdominal trauma operations, including approximately five spleen and four liver operations. Residents in Period IV performed 17 intra-abdominal trauma operations, including three spleen and approximately two liver operations. CONCLUSION: Recent general surgery trainees perform fewer trauma operations than previous trainees. The majority of this decline occurred before implementation of work-hour restrictions. Although these changes reflect concurrent changes in management of trauma, surgical educators must meet the challenge of training residents in procedures less frequently performed. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Epidemiologic study, level III; therapeutic study, level IV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1500-1506
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Volume73
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Graduate Medical Education
Accreditation
Wounds and Injuries
Spleen
Liver
Epidemiologic Studies
Databases
Education

Keywords

  • ACGME
  • education
  • resident work-hour restrictions
  • Surgical residents
  • trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Surgery

Cite this

ACGME case logs : Surgery resident experience in operative trauma for two decades. / Drake, Frederick Thurston; Van Eaton, Erik G.; Huntington, Ciara R.; Jurkovich, Gregory; Aarabi, Shahram; Gow, Kenneth W.

In: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, Vol. 73, No. 6, 01.12.2012, p. 1500-1506.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Drake, Frederick Thurston ; Van Eaton, Erik G. ; Huntington, Ciara R. ; Jurkovich, Gregory ; Aarabi, Shahram ; Gow, Kenneth W. / ACGME case logs : Surgery resident experience in operative trauma for two decades. In: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 2012 ; Vol. 73, No. 6. pp. 1500-1506.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: Surgery resident education is based on experiential training, which is influenced by changes in clinical management strategies, technical and technologic advances, and administrative regulations. Trauma care has been exposed to each of these factors, prompting concerns about resident experience in operative trauma. The current study analyzed the reported volume of operative trauma for the last two decades; to our knowledge, this is the first evaluation of nationwide trends during such an extended time line. METHODS: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) database of operative logs was queried from academic year (AY) 1989-1990 to 2009-2010 to identify shifts in trauma operative experience. Annual case log data for each cohort of graduating surgery residents were combined into approximately 5-year blocks, designated Period I (AY1989-1990 to AY1993-1994), Period II (AY1994-1995 to AY1998-1999), Period III (AY1999-2000 to AY2002-2003), and Period IV (AY2003-2004 to AY2009-2010). The latter two periods were delineated by the year in which duty hour restrictions were implemented. RESULTS: Overall general surgery caseload increased from Period I to Period II (p < 0.001), remained stable from Period II to Period III, and decreased from Period III to Period IV (p < 0.001). However, for ACGME-designated trauma cases, there were significant declines from Period I to Period II (75.5 vs. 54.5 cases, p < 0.001) and Period II to Period III (54.5 vs. 39.3 cases, p < 0.001) but no difference between Period III and Period IV (39.3 vs. 39.4 cases). Graduating residents in Period I performed, on average, 31 intra-abdominal trauma operations, including approximately five spleen and four liver operations. Residents in Period IV performed 17 intra-abdominal trauma operations, including three spleen and approximately two liver operations. CONCLUSION: Recent general surgery trainees perform fewer trauma operations than previous trainees. The majority of this decline occurred before implementation of work-hour restrictions. Although these changes reflect concurrent changes in management of trauma, surgical educators must meet the challenge of training residents in procedures less frequently performed. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Epidemiologic study, level III; therapeutic study, level IV.",
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AU - Drake, Frederick Thurston

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AU - Jurkovich, Gregory

AU - Aarabi, Shahram

AU - Gow, Kenneth W.

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N2 - BACKGROUND: Surgery resident education is based on experiential training, which is influenced by changes in clinical management strategies, technical and technologic advances, and administrative regulations. Trauma care has been exposed to each of these factors, prompting concerns about resident experience in operative trauma. The current study analyzed the reported volume of operative trauma for the last two decades; to our knowledge, this is the first evaluation of nationwide trends during such an extended time line. METHODS: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) database of operative logs was queried from academic year (AY) 1989-1990 to 2009-2010 to identify shifts in trauma operative experience. Annual case log data for each cohort of graduating surgery residents were combined into approximately 5-year blocks, designated Period I (AY1989-1990 to AY1993-1994), Period II (AY1994-1995 to AY1998-1999), Period III (AY1999-2000 to AY2002-2003), and Period IV (AY2003-2004 to AY2009-2010). The latter two periods were delineated by the year in which duty hour restrictions were implemented. RESULTS: Overall general surgery caseload increased from Period I to Period II (p < 0.001), remained stable from Period II to Period III, and decreased from Period III to Period IV (p < 0.001). However, for ACGME-designated trauma cases, there were significant declines from Period I to Period II (75.5 vs. 54.5 cases, p < 0.001) and Period II to Period III (54.5 vs. 39.3 cases, p < 0.001) but no difference between Period III and Period IV (39.3 vs. 39.4 cases). Graduating residents in Period I performed, on average, 31 intra-abdominal trauma operations, including approximately five spleen and four liver operations. Residents in Period IV performed 17 intra-abdominal trauma operations, including three spleen and approximately two liver operations. CONCLUSION: Recent general surgery trainees perform fewer trauma operations than previous trainees. The majority of this decline occurred before implementation of work-hour restrictions. Although these changes reflect concurrent changes in management of trauma, surgical educators must meet the challenge of training residents in procedures less frequently performed. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Epidemiologic study, level III; therapeutic study, level IV.

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