Acculturation and depressive symptoms in latino caregivers of cognitively impaired older adults

Oanh Meyer, Sue Geller, Emily He, Hector M. González, W Ladson Hinton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Caregiving for older adults is a growing public health concern because of the negative psychological effects it has on caregivers. Despite the growing Latino caregiver population, little is known regarding how the effects of acculturation on caregiver depressive symptoms might vary by caregiver age. This study aimed to examine the relationship between language acculturation and depressive symptoms in Latino caregivers, and to test whether this relationship was moderated by age. Methods: Ninety-four Latino caregivers of cognitively impaired older adults with and without dementia were identified through an ongoing epidemiological cohort study. Caregivers were interviewed in their homes, in either Spanish or English. A Poisson regression was used to analyze the caregiver characteristics associated with caregiver depressive symptoms. Results: Language acculturation was positively associated with caregiver depressive symptoms, as was age, female gender, and being married or living with someone. Those with excellent or good health and who had spentmore than one year caregiving had lower depressive symptoms. Finally, the positive relationship between language acculturation and depressive symptoms was increased in older caregivers. Conclusions: Language acculturation appears to be a risk factor for depressive symptoms in Latino caregivers of cognitively impaired older adults. The relationship between language acculturation and depressive symptoms is complex such that caregiver age and health status further nuance this relationship. Future research should explore the independent and interactive effects of these variables on depressive symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1521-1530
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Psychogeriatrics
Volume26
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2014

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Keywords

  • Acculturation
  • Caregiver
  • Dementia
  • Depression
  • Distress
  • Latino

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Gerontology
  • Clinical Psychology

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