Absenteeism and HIV infection

J Paul Leigh, Deborah P. Lubeck, Paul Farnham, James F. Fries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


We sought to determine whether employed patients with HIV infection reported more days unable to work than similar patients without HIV infection. We did not consider whether HIV infection resulted in job loss. Cross-sectional data on 884 employed patients from five physician-sites in California were drawn from the AIDS Time-Oriented Health Outcome Study (ATHOS). An econometric 2-part model with a number of covariates including age, race, education, and an instrumental variable reflecting the probability of any employment was constructed to provide a comparison between three categories of patients, HIV-negative; HIV positive but not yet AIDS; and AIDS. The results suggested no statistically significant difference between the comparison patients (HIV-negative) and the patients with HIV but not AIDS for days unable to work. Employed patients with AIDS, however, reported roughly 5.1 (one week) more days unable to work out of the prior three months than either the comparison patients or the patients with HIV infection but not AIDS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-280
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Economics Letters
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics


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