Introducion: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a slowly progressive abnormal glandular enlargement with heterogeneous morphology. Disruption of apoptotic pathways has been suggested as an important regulatory mechanism in this common and significantly morbid disease. Methods: Prostatic tissue from 20 patients with BPH and no prior or subsequent prostatic carcinoma was obtained by transurethral prostatectomy (TURP) at the University of California Davis. Apoptotic regulatory proteins: BCL2, BAX and p27 were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and evaluated for expression in four distinct histologic patterns: hyperplastic epithelium, nodules, dilated glands and atrophic/inflammatory glands. Results: Particularly striking was the decreased expression of BAX and an abnormal BCL2:BAX ratio within all nodules relative to expression in other epithelial patterns. p27 expression was decreased in 35% of the hyperplastic epithelial areas and 10% of the nodules. Discussion: Overall, abnormal expression of BCL2, BAX and/or p27 was identified in the hyperplastic epithelium of 19 (90%) of specimens and all 12 (100%) of the hyperplastic nodules. The high frequency of abnormalities in apoptosis regulatory genes, suggests that alteration of apoptotic pathways is important for the development of this condition.
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia
ASJC Scopus subject areas