Canavan disease is caused by ASPA mutations that diminish brain aspartoacylase activity, and it is characterized by excessive brain storage of the aspartoacylase substrate, N-acetyl-l-aspartate (NAA), and by astroglial and intramyelinic vacuolation. Astroglia and the arachnoid mater express sodium-dependent dicarboxylate transporter (NaDC3), encoded by SLC13A3, a sodium-coupled transporter for NAA and other dicarboxylates. Constitutive Slc13a3 deletion in aspartoacylase-deficient Canavan disease mice prevents brain NAA overaccumulation, ataxia, and brain vacuolation. ANN NEUROL 2021.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology