Ability of 15-hydroxyeicosatrienoic acid (15-OH-20: 3) to modulate macrophage arachidonic acid metabolism

Robert S. Chapkin, Craig C. Miller, Scott D. Somers, Kent L Erickson

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Abstract

Mouse peritoneal macrophages metabolize dihomogammalinolenic acid (20:3n-6) primarily to 15-hydroxy-8,11,13-eicosatrienoic acid (15-OH-20:3). Since the biological properties of this novel trienoic eicosanoid remain poorly defined, the effects of increasing concentrations of 15-OH-20:3 and its arachidonic acid (20:4n-6) derived analogue, 15-hydroxy-5,8,11,13-eicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE), on mouse macrophage 20:4n-6 metabolism were investigated. Resident peritoneal macrophages were prelabeled with [3H]-20:4n-6 and subsequently stimulated with zymosan in the presence of either 15-OH-20:3 or 15-HETE (1-30 μM). After 1 hr, the radiolabeled soluble metabolites were analyzed by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography. 15-OH-20:3 inhibited zymosan-induced leukotriene C4 (IC50 = 2.4 μM) and 5-HETE (IC50 = 3.1 μM) synthesis. In contrast to the inhibition of macrophage 5-lipoxygenase, 15-OH-20:3 enhanced 12-HETE synthesis (5-30 μM) and had no measurable effect on cyclooxygenase metabolism (1-10 μM) i.e., 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha and prostaglandin E2 synthesis. Addition of exogenous 15-HETE produced similar effects. These results suggest that the manipulation of macrophage 15-OH-20:3n-6 levels may provide a measure of cellular control over 20:4n-6 metabolism, specifically, leukotriene production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)799-804
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume153
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 16 1988

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

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