Abdominal trauma

John R Richards, José A. Acosta, William C. Wilson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The word abdomen is derived from the Latin abdere, to hide, and the termination, omen, which may be a contraction of omentum or omen in the sense of presage (insight was said to be gained by the ancients during inspection of the abdominal contents). The term has been attributed to Celsus, and first appeared in the English literature in 1541 in a translation of Galen’s “Terapeutyke,” as l’abdomen (1). Decision-making in abdominal trauma revolves around determining if and when surgery is necessary to treat the injuries sustained by organs and blood vessels lying within this hidden cavity. Uncontrolled hemorrhage is the major acute cause of death immediately following abdominal trauma (2). The most common delayed cause of morbidity and mortality following abdominal trauma is sepsis, typically resulting from initial contamination or missed injuries. This chapter describes the management of abdominal trauma relevant to emergency physicians, anesthesiologists, and surgeons involved in resuscitation, intraoperative management, and acute postoperative care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTrauma
Subtitle of host publicationEmergency Resuscitation, Perioperative Anesthesia, Surgical Management
PublisherCRC Press
Pages517-531
Number of pages15
Volume1
ISBN (Electronic)9781420052442
ISBN (Print)9780824729196
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Richards, J. R., Acosta, J. A., & Wilson, W. C. (2007). Abdominal trauma. In Trauma: Emergency Resuscitation, Perioperative Anesthesia, Surgical Management (Vol. 1, pp. 517-531). CRC Press.