Abdominal manifestations of neurologic disorders

Anil S. Bhavsar, Sadhna Verma, Ramit Lamba, Chandana G. Lall, Vincent Koenigsknecht, Arumugam Rajesh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A variety of disorders-including infectious, inflammatory, hereditary, and metabolic diseases-may affect both the brain and abdominal cavity, and the findings in one region may help establish the diagnosis or limit the differential diagnosis. Establishing an accurate early diagnosis enables clinicians to adequately manage these unusual diseases and potentially avert life-threatening complications. For example, an early diagnosis of Gardner syndrome enables annual sigmoid- or colonoscopy and ultrasonography. In many conditions, abdominal manifestations precede neurologic manifestations and may have prognostic significance. Patients with celiac disease more often present with abdominal manifestations such as duodenitis, slow transit time, reversal of the jejunal-ileal fold pattern, and transient small bowel intussusception than with intracranial manifestations. In other conditions, the neurologic manifestations may be the same as the presenting symptoms. For example, patients with Gardner syndrome may initially present with multiple mandibular or sinonasal osteomas. In addition, sarcoidosis may manifest with multifocal enhancing dural masses. Abdominal and neurologic manifestations may even occur simultaneously, as in several of the phakomatoses such as neurofibromatosis type 1, tuberous sclerosis complex, and von Hippel-Lindau syndrome. Ultimately, familiarity with the appearances of these conditions allows radiologists to pinpoint a diagnosis, even when imaging findings in either location are nonspecific.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-153
Number of pages19
JournalRadiographics
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2013

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Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Gardner Syndrome
Early Diagnosis
Duodenitis
Neurocutaneous Syndromes
Osteoma
von Hippel-Lindau Disease
Inborn Genetic Diseases
Tuberous Sclerosis
Neurofibromatosis 1
Intussusception
Abdominal Cavity
Metabolic Diseases
Celiac Disease
Sigmoid Colon
Colonoscopy
Sarcoidosis
Communicable Diseases
Ultrasonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Bhavsar, A. S., Verma, S., Lamba, R., Lall, C. G., Koenigsknecht, V., & Rajesh, A. (2013). Abdominal manifestations of neurologic disorders. Radiographics, 33(1), 135-153. https://doi.org/10.1148/rg.331125097

Abdominal manifestations of neurologic disorders. / Bhavsar, Anil S.; Verma, Sadhna; Lamba, Ramit; Lall, Chandana G.; Koenigsknecht, Vincent; Rajesh, Arumugam.

In: Radiographics, Vol. 33, No. 1, 01.2013, p. 135-153.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bhavsar, AS, Verma, S, Lamba, R, Lall, CG, Koenigsknecht, V & Rajesh, A 2013, 'Abdominal manifestations of neurologic disorders', Radiographics, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 135-153. https://doi.org/10.1148/rg.331125097
Bhavsar AS, Verma S, Lamba R, Lall CG, Koenigsknecht V, Rajesh A. Abdominal manifestations of neurologic disorders. Radiographics. 2013 Jan;33(1):135-153. https://doi.org/10.1148/rg.331125097
Bhavsar, Anil S. ; Verma, Sadhna ; Lamba, Ramit ; Lall, Chandana G. ; Koenigsknecht, Vincent ; Rajesh, Arumugam. / Abdominal manifestations of neurologic disorders. In: Radiographics. 2013 ; Vol. 33, No. 1. pp. 135-153.
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