Abdominal Compartment Syndrome Secondary to Retroperitoneal Hematoma as a Complication of ERCP After Liver Transplantation

S. Milanchi, D. Magner, S. K. Lo, A. S. Klein, Steven D Colquhoun, N. N. Nissen

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6 Scopus citations


Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is frequently employed in the management of postoperative biliary complications in the liver transplant patient. Bleeding after ERCP most commonly presents as gastrointestinal bleeding and often can be managed with repeat endoscopy. ERCP can also be complicated by retroperitoneal hematoma, which in rare cases can lead to hemodynamic compromise due to relentless hemorrhage or from secondary abdominal compartment syndrome. We describe the first reported case of post-ERCP retroperitoneal hematoma in a liver transplant recipient that led to abdominal compartment syndrome and shock liver. We will present the case, discuss management, and review the complications of ERCP in the liver transplant recipient. Close post-procedure monitoring, rapid detection, and low threshold for decompressive laparotomy are keys to the successful management of the liver transplant recipient experiencing expanding retroperitoneal hematoma after ERCP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-171
Number of pages3
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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