Abdominal aortic aneurysm screening

Kevin C. Chun, Jacqulyne H. Sylvia, Kai Y. Teng, Kiana M. Samadzadeh, Eugene S Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) ruptures cause 16,000 deaths a year. Randomized clinical trials on AAA screening in Europe demonstrated ultrasonography significantly reduces AAA-related mortality. As a result, AAA screening programs were developed to prevent AAA ruptures by identifying and treating patients with AAA. An AAA is defined as an aortic diameter about 1.5 times greater than a normal aortic diameter, typically ≥3.0 cm in diameter. Based on current screening data, the diagnosis of AAA is made in 4-8% of males 65-75 years of age. Much research has been invested into determining the causes of AAA development and expansion, so that screening yield of patients and management protocols for patients with AAA can be improved. This chapter discusses the screening parameters for the diagnosis of AAA, the evolution of AAA screening from the randomized screening trials to current AAA screening programs, as well as new research improving AAA screening yield and diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAortic Aneurysms: Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Surgery and Repair
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages139-154
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9781626184589
StatePublished - 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Chun, K. C., Sylvia, J. H., Teng, K. Y., Samadzadeh, K. M., & Lee, E. S. (2013). Abdominal aortic aneurysm screening. In Aortic Aneurysms: Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Surgery and Repair (pp. 139-154). Nova Science Publishers, Inc..