A survey of fluoroscopic exposure rates: AAPM Task Group No. 11 report

John M Boone, D. E. Pfeiffer, K. J. Strauss, R. P. Rossi, P. J P Lin, J. S. Shepard, B. J. Conway

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fluoroscopic procedures, in general, result in much higher exposures to patients than do most types of radiographic procedures [National Council on Radiation Protection, Report 100, p. 31 (1989)]. In spite of this, fluoroscopic exposure rates can vary widely between systems, and often for no apparent reason. The charge of AAPM Task Group No. 11 was to evaluate fluoroscopic exposure rates at the entrant surface of the x-ray image intensifier, and to disseminate this information so that medical physicists could compare their own exposure rate measurements with typical values. The measurement protocol was defined for various system configurations. Sheets of copper were used to attenuate the x-ray beam, and the input exposure rate at the image intensifier (at the input mode closest to 23-cm diameter) in the absence of a scattering medium was determined. With 2 mm of copper as x-ray beam filtration, the median fluoroscopic exposure rate at the image intensifier was found to be 16.5 nC/kg/s (64.0 μR/s), with an average kV of 77 and mA of 2.0 (n = 62).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)789-794
Number of pages6
JournalMedical Physics
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

Fingerprint

X-Rays
Copper
Radiation Protection
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics

Cite this

Boone, J. M., Pfeiffer, D. E., Strauss, K. J., Rossi, R. P., Lin, P. J. P., Shepard, J. S., & Conway, B. J. (1993). A survey of fluoroscopic exposure rates: AAPM Task Group No. 11 report. Medical Physics, 20(3), 789-794. https://doi.org/10.1118/1.597033

A survey of fluoroscopic exposure rates : AAPM Task Group No. 11 report. / Boone, John M; Pfeiffer, D. E.; Strauss, K. J.; Rossi, R. P.; Lin, P. J P; Shepard, J. S.; Conway, B. J.

In: Medical Physics, Vol. 20, No. 3, 1993, p. 789-794.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Boone, JM, Pfeiffer, DE, Strauss, KJ, Rossi, RP, Lin, PJP, Shepard, JS & Conway, BJ 1993, 'A survey of fluoroscopic exposure rates: AAPM Task Group No. 11 report', Medical Physics, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 789-794. https://doi.org/10.1118/1.597033
Boone JM, Pfeiffer DE, Strauss KJ, Rossi RP, Lin PJP, Shepard JS et al. A survey of fluoroscopic exposure rates: AAPM Task Group No. 11 report. Medical Physics. 1993;20(3):789-794. https://doi.org/10.1118/1.597033
Boone, John M ; Pfeiffer, D. E. ; Strauss, K. J. ; Rossi, R. P. ; Lin, P. J P ; Shepard, J. S. ; Conway, B. J. / A survey of fluoroscopic exposure rates : AAPM Task Group No. 11 report. In: Medical Physics. 1993 ; Vol. 20, No. 3. pp. 789-794.
@article{2c5b537f54834586a68910fd230334e3,
title = "A survey of fluoroscopic exposure rates: AAPM Task Group No. 11 report",
abstract = "Fluoroscopic procedures, in general, result in much higher exposures to patients than do most types of radiographic procedures [National Council on Radiation Protection, Report 100, p. 31 (1989)]. In spite of this, fluoroscopic exposure rates can vary widely between systems, and often for no apparent reason. The charge of AAPM Task Group No. 11 was to evaluate fluoroscopic exposure rates at the entrant surface of the x-ray image intensifier, and to disseminate this information so that medical physicists could compare their own exposure rate measurements with typical values. The measurement protocol was defined for various system configurations. Sheets of copper were used to attenuate the x-ray beam, and the input exposure rate at the image intensifier (at the input mode closest to 23-cm diameter) in the absence of a scattering medium was determined. With 2 mm of copper as x-ray beam filtration, the median fluoroscopic exposure rate at the image intensifier was found to be 16.5 nC/kg/s (64.0 μR/s), with an average kV of 77 and mA of 2.0 (n = 62).",
author = "Boone, {John M} and Pfeiffer, {D. E.} and Strauss, {K. J.} and Rossi, {R. P.} and Lin, {P. J P} and Shepard, {J. S.} and Conway, {B. J.}",
year = "1993",
doi = "10.1118/1.597033",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "20",
pages = "789--794",
journal = "Medical Physics",
issn = "0094-2405",
publisher = "AAPM - American Association of Physicists in Medicine",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A survey of fluoroscopic exposure rates

T2 - AAPM Task Group No. 11 report

AU - Boone, John M

AU - Pfeiffer, D. E.

AU - Strauss, K. J.

AU - Rossi, R. P.

AU - Lin, P. J P

AU - Shepard, J. S.

AU - Conway, B. J.

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - Fluoroscopic procedures, in general, result in much higher exposures to patients than do most types of radiographic procedures [National Council on Radiation Protection, Report 100, p. 31 (1989)]. In spite of this, fluoroscopic exposure rates can vary widely between systems, and often for no apparent reason. The charge of AAPM Task Group No. 11 was to evaluate fluoroscopic exposure rates at the entrant surface of the x-ray image intensifier, and to disseminate this information so that medical physicists could compare their own exposure rate measurements with typical values. The measurement protocol was defined for various system configurations. Sheets of copper were used to attenuate the x-ray beam, and the input exposure rate at the image intensifier (at the input mode closest to 23-cm diameter) in the absence of a scattering medium was determined. With 2 mm of copper as x-ray beam filtration, the median fluoroscopic exposure rate at the image intensifier was found to be 16.5 nC/kg/s (64.0 μR/s), with an average kV of 77 and mA of 2.0 (n = 62).

AB - Fluoroscopic procedures, in general, result in much higher exposures to patients than do most types of radiographic procedures [National Council on Radiation Protection, Report 100, p. 31 (1989)]. In spite of this, fluoroscopic exposure rates can vary widely between systems, and often for no apparent reason. The charge of AAPM Task Group No. 11 was to evaluate fluoroscopic exposure rates at the entrant surface of the x-ray image intensifier, and to disseminate this information so that medical physicists could compare their own exposure rate measurements with typical values. The measurement protocol was defined for various system configurations. Sheets of copper were used to attenuate the x-ray beam, and the input exposure rate at the image intensifier (at the input mode closest to 23-cm diameter) in the absence of a scattering medium was determined. With 2 mm of copper as x-ray beam filtration, the median fluoroscopic exposure rate at the image intensifier was found to be 16.5 nC/kg/s (64.0 μR/s), with an average kV of 77 and mA of 2.0 (n = 62).

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027251812&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027251812&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1118/1.597033

DO - 10.1118/1.597033

M3 - Article

C2 - 8350838

AN - SCOPUS:0027251812

VL - 20

SP - 789

EP - 794

JO - Medical Physics

JF - Medical Physics

SN - 0094-2405

IS - 3

ER -