Subclavian arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a patient presenting with worsening CHF symptoms or unilateral edema immediately after device implantation. A palpable thrill may be present or a bruit may be auscultated in the region of the fistula. Ultrasonography has limitations in the subclavian region and definitive diagnosis is only made by angiogram. Percutaneous occlusion of the AVF is preferred as surgical repair is associated with significant morbidity and mortality.
- Arteriovenous fistula
- Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)