A social network family-focused intervention to promote smoking cessation in Chinese and Vietnamese American male smokers: A feasibility study

Janice Y. Tsoh, Nancy J. Burke, Ginny Gildengorin, Ching Wong, Khanh Le, Anthony Nguyen, Joanne L. Chan, Angela Sun, Stephen J. Mcphee, Tung T. Nguyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Smoking prevalence is high among limited English-proficient Chinese and Vietnamese American men, who are frequently unmotivated to quit and who underutilize smoking cessation resources. This study applied lay health worker outreach to leverage peer and family networks to promote smoking cessation among these men. Methods: We integrated qualitative formative research findings and Social Network Theory to develop a social-network family-focused intervention. In a pilot single-group trial, 15 lay health workers recruited 96 dyads (N = 192, 75% Vietnamese) of Chinese or Vietnamese male daily smokers and their family members and delivered the intervention consisting of two small group education sessions and two individual telephone calls over 2 months. Results: At baseline, 42% of smokers were at precontemplation. At 3 months following the initiation of the intervention, 7-day and 30-day point prevalence smoking abstinence rates as reported by smokers and independently corroborated by family members were 30% and 24%, respectively. Utilization of smoking cessation resources (medication, quitline, physician's advice) increased from 2% to 60% (P <.001). Findings showed high acceptability of the intervention as it facilitated learning about tobacco-related health risks and cessation resources, and communications between smokers and their families. Conclusions: This novel social network family-focused intervention to promote smoking cessation among Chinese and Vietnamese smokers appears to be acceptable, feasible, and potentially efficacious. Findings warrant evaluation of long-term efficacy of the intervention in a larger scale randomized controlled trial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1029-1038
Number of pages10
JournalNicotine and Tobacco Research
Volume17
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 22 2015

Fingerprint

Asian Americans
Feasibility Studies
Smoking Cessation
Social Support
Health
Smoking
Qualitative Research
Telephone
Tobacco
Randomized Controlled Trials
Communication
Learning
Physicians
Education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

A social network family-focused intervention to promote smoking cessation in Chinese and Vietnamese American male smokers : A feasibility study. / Tsoh, Janice Y.; Burke, Nancy J.; Gildengorin, Ginny; Wong, Ching; Le, Khanh; Nguyen, Anthony; Chan, Joanne L.; Sun, Angela; Mcphee, Stephen J.; Nguyen, Tung T.

In: Nicotine and Tobacco Research, Vol. 17, No. 8, 22.04.2015, p. 1029-1038.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tsoh, JY, Burke, NJ, Gildengorin, G, Wong, C, Le, K, Nguyen, A, Chan, JL, Sun, A, Mcphee, SJ & Nguyen, TT 2015, 'A social network family-focused intervention to promote smoking cessation in Chinese and Vietnamese American male smokers: A feasibility study', Nicotine and Tobacco Research, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 1029-1038. https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntv088
Tsoh, Janice Y. ; Burke, Nancy J. ; Gildengorin, Ginny ; Wong, Ching ; Le, Khanh ; Nguyen, Anthony ; Chan, Joanne L. ; Sun, Angela ; Mcphee, Stephen J. ; Nguyen, Tung T. / A social network family-focused intervention to promote smoking cessation in Chinese and Vietnamese American male smokers : A feasibility study. In: Nicotine and Tobacco Research. 2015 ; Vol. 17, No. 8. pp. 1029-1038.
@article{7c9cf70d610746548e9bc7627add4d55,
title = "A social network family-focused intervention to promote smoking cessation in Chinese and Vietnamese American male smokers: A feasibility study",
abstract = "Introduction: Smoking prevalence is high among limited English-proficient Chinese and Vietnamese American men, who are frequently unmotivated to quit and who underutilize smoking cessation resources. This study applied lay health worker outreach to leverage peer and family networks to promote smoking cessation among these men. Methods: We integrated qualitative formative research findings and Social Network Theory to develop a social-network family-focused intervention. In a pilot single-group trial, 15 lay health workers recruited 96 dyads (N = 192, 75{\%} Vietnamese) of Chinese or Vietnamese male daily smokers and their family members and delivered the intervention consisting of two small group education sessions and two individual telephone calls over 2 months. Results: At baseline, 42{\%} of smokers were at precontemplation. At 3 months following the initiation of the intervention, 7-day and 30-day point prevalence smoking abstinence rates as reported by smokers and independently corroborated by family members were 30{\%} and 24{\%}, respectively. Utilization of smoking cessation resources (medication, quitline, physician's advice) increased from 2{\%} to 60{\%} (P <.001). Findings showed high acceptability of the intervention as it facilitated learning about tobacco-related health risks and cessation resources, and communications between smokers and their families. Conclusions: This novel social network family-focused intervention to promote smoking cessation among Chinese and Vietnamese smokers appears to be acceptable, feasible, and potentially efficacious. Findings warrant evaluation of long-term efficacy of the intervention in a larger scale randomized controlled trial.",
author = "Tsoh, {Janice Y.} and Burke, {Nancy J.} and Ginny Gildengorin and Ching Wong and Khanh Le and Anthony Nguyen and Chan, {Joanne L.} and Angela Sun and Mcphee, {Stephen J.} and Nguyen, {Tung T.}",
year = "2015",
month = "4",
day = "22",
doi = "10.1093/ntr/ntv088",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "17",
pages = "1029--1038",
journal = "Nicotine and Tobacco Research",
issn = "1462-2203",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A social network family-focused intervention to promote smoking cessation in Chinese and Vietnamese American male smokers

T2 - A feasibility study

AU - Tsoh, Janice Y.

AU - Burke, Nancy J.

AU - Gildengorin, Ginny

AU - Wong, Ching

AU - Le, Khanh

AU - Nguyen, Anthony

AU - Chan, Joanne L.

AU - Sun, Angela

AU - Mcphee, Stephen J.

AU - Nguyen, Tung T.

PY - 2015/4/22

Y1 - 2015/4/22

N2 - Introduction: Smoking prevalence is high among limited English-proficient Chinese and Vietnamese American men, who are frequently unmotivated to quit and who underutilize smoking cessation resources. This study applied lay health worker outreach to leverage peer and family networks to promote smoking cessation among these men. Methods: We integrated qualitative formative research findings and Social Network Theory to develop a social-network family-focused intervention. In a pilot single-group trial, 15 lay health workers recruited 96 dyads (N = 192, 75% Vietnamese) of Chinese or Vietnamese male daily smokers and their family members and delivered the intervention consisting of two small group education sessions and two individual telephone calls over 2 months. Results: At baseline, 42% of smokers were at precontemplation. At 3 months following the initiation of the intervention, 7-day and 30-day point prevalence smoking abstinence rates as reported by smokers and independently corroborated by family members were 30% and 24%, respectively. Utilization of smoking cessation resources (medication, quitline, physician's advice) increased from 2% to 60% (P <.001). Findings showed high acceptability of the intervention as it facilitated learning about tobacco-related health risks and cessation resources, and communications between smokers and their families. Conclusions: This novel social network family-focused intervention to promote smoking cessation among Chinese and Vietnamese smokers appears to be acceptable, feasible, and potentially efficacious. Findings warrant evaluation of long-term efficacy of the intervention in a larger scale randomized controlled trial.

AB - Introduction: Smoking prevalence is high among limited English-proficient Chinese and Vietnamese American men, who are frequently unmotivated to quit and who underutilize smoking cessation resources. This study applied lay health worker outreach to leverage peer and family networks to promote smoking cessation among these men. Methods: We integrated qualitative formative research findings and Social Network Theory to develop a social-network family-focused intervention. In a pilot single-group trial, 15 lay health workers recruited 96 dyads (N = 192, 75% Vietnamese) of Chinese or Vietnamese male daily smokers and their family members and delivered the intervention consisting of two small group education sessions and two individual telephone calls over 2 months. Results: At baseline, 42% of smokers were at precontemplation. At 3 months following the initiation of the intervention, 7-day and 30-day point prevalence smoking abstinence rates as reported by smokers and independently corroborated by family members were 30% and 24%, respectively. Utilization of smoking cessation resources (medication, quitline, physician's advice) increased from 2% to 60% (P <.001). Findings showed high acceptability of the intervention as it facilitated learning about tobacco-related health risks and cessation resources, and communications between smokers and their families. Conclusions: This novel social network family-focused intervention to promote smoking cessation among Chinese and Vietnamese smokers appears to be acceptable, feasible, and potentially efficacious. Findings warrant evaluation of long-term efficacy of the intervention in a larger scale randomized controlled trial.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84939547504&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84939547504&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/ntr/ntv088

DO - 10.1093/ntr/ntv088

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84939547504

VL - 17

SP - 1029

EP - 1038

JO - Nicotine and Tobacco Research

JF - Nicotine and Tobacco Research

SN - 1462-2203

IS - 8

ER -