A social network family-focused intervention to promote smoking cessation in Chinese and Vietnamese American male smokers: A feasibility study

Janice Y. Tsoh, Nancy J. Burke, Ginny Gildengorin, Ching Wong, Khanh Le, Anthony Nguyen, Joanne L. Chan, Angela Sun, Stephen J. Mcphee, Tung T. Nguyen

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28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Smoking prevalence is high among limited English-proficient Chinese and Vietnamese American men, who are frequently unmotivated to quit and who underutilize smoking cessation resources. This study applied lay health worker outreach to leverage peer and family networks to promote smoking cessation among these men. Methods: We integrated qualitative formative research findings and Social Network Theory to develop a social-network family-focused intervention. In a pilot single-group trial, 15 lay health workers recruited 96 dyads (N = 192, 75% Vietnamese) of Chinese or Vietnamese male daily smokers and their family members and delivered the intervention consisting of two small group education sessions and two individual telephone calls over 2 months. Results: At baseline, 42% of smokers were at precontemplation. At 3 months following the initiation of the intervention, 7-day and 30-day point prevalence smoking abstinence rates as reported by smokers and independently corroborated by family members were 30% and 24%, respectively. Utilization of smoking cessation resources (medication, quitline, physician's advice) increased from 2% to 60% (P <.001). Findings showed high acceptability of the intervention as it facilitated learning about tobacco-related health risks and cessation resources, and communications between smokers and their families. Conclusions: This novel social network family-focused intervention to promote smoking cessation among Chinese and Vietnamese smokers appears to be acceptable, feasible, and potentially efficacious. Findings warrant evaluation of long-term efficacy of the intervention in a larger scale randomized controlled trial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1029-1038
Number of pages10
JournalNicotine and Tobacco Research
Volume17
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 22 2015

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Tsoh, J. Y., Burke, N. J., Gildengorin, G., Wong, C., Le, K., Nguyen, A., Chan, J. L., Sun, A., Mcphee, S. J., & Nguyen, T. T. (2015). A social network family-focused intervention to promote smoking cessation in Chinese and Vietnamese American male smokers: A feasibility study. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 17(8), 1029-1038. https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntv088