A serosurvey of viral infections in lions (Panthera leo), from Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda

Margaret Driciru, Ludwig Siefert, Katherine C. Prager, Edward Dubovi, Robert Sande, Frank Princee, Tom Friday, Linda Munson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Serum samples from 14 lions (Panthera leo) from Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda, were collected during 1998 and 1999 to determine infectious disease exposure in this threatened population. Sera were analyzed for antibodies against feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), feline calicivirus (FCV), feline herpesvirus 1 (feline rhinotracheitis: FHVI), feline/canine parvovirus (FPV/CPV), feline infectious peritonitis virus (feline coronavirus: FIPV), and canine distemper virus (CDV) or for the presence of feline leukemia virus (FeLV) antigens. Ten lions (71%) had antibodies against FIV, 11 (79%) had antibodies against CDV, 11 (79%) had antibodies against FCV, nine (64%) had antibodies against FHVI, and five (36%) had antibodies against FPV. Two of the 11 CDV-seropositive lions were subadults, indicating recent exposure of this population to CDV or a CDV-Iike virus. No lions had evidence of exposure to FeLV or FIPV. These results indicate that this endangered population has extensive exposure to common feline and canine viruses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)667-671
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Wildlife Diseases
Volume42
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2006

Fingerprint

Lions
Canine Distemper Virus
Uganda
Panthera leo
Virus Diseases
Feline Coronavirus
Canine distemper virus
national parks
virus
national park
antibodies
Antibodies
Felidae
Feline Calicivirus
infection
Feline Leukemia Virus
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus
Feline coronavirus
antibody
Feline calicivirus

Keywords

  • Canine distemper virus
  • Feline calicivirus
  • Feline coronavirus
  • Feline herpesvirus 1
  • Feline immunodeficiency virus
  • Feline parvovirus
  • Panthera leo
  • Uganda

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Driciru, M., Siefert, L., Prager, K. C., Dubovi, E., Sande, R., Princee, F., ... Munson, L. (2006). A serosurvey of viral infections in lions (Panthera leo), from Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 42(3), 667-671.

A serosurvey of viral infections in lions (Panthera leo), from Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda. / Driciru, Margaret; Siefert, Ludwig; Prager, Katherine C.; Dubovi, Edward; Sande, Robert; Princee, Frank; Friday, Tom; Munson, Linda.

In: Journal of Wildlife Diseases, Vol. 42, No. 3, 07.2006, p. 667-671.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Driciru, M, Siefert, L, Prager, KC, Dubovi, E, Sande, R, Princee, F, Friday, T & Munson, L 2006, 'A serosurvey of viral infections in lions (Panthera leo), from Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda', Journal of Wildlife Diseases, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 667-671.
Driciru M, Siefert L, Prager KC, Dubovi E, Sande R, Princee F et al. A serosurvey of viral infections in lions (Panthera leo), from Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2006 Jul;42(3):667-671.
Driciru, Margaret ; Siefert, Ludwig ; Prager, Katherine C. ; Dubovi, Edward ; Sande, Robert ; Princee, Frank ; Friday, Tom ; Munson, Linda. / A serosurvey of viral infections in lions (Panthera leo), from Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda. In: Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2006 ; Vol. 42, No. 3. pp. 667-671.
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