A red eye and high intraocular pressure

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15 Scopus citations


A 76-year-old woman presents with the classic findings of a carotid-cavernous fistula, including a red eye due to arterialization of the conjunctival veins, proptosis, retinal venous obstructive disease and elevated intraocular pressure. Enlarged extraocular muscles were found on CT scan leading to the misdiagnosis of thyroid orbitopoathy. The differential diagnosis and therapy of the dural cavernous fistula and the intraocular pressure are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)328-336
Number of pages9
JournalSurvey of Ophthalmology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1987


  • arterialization of conjunctival vessels
  • carotid cavernous fistula
  • dural cavernous fistula
  • enlarged extraocular muscles
  • glaucoma
  • intraocular pressure
  • proptosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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