A randomized trial of saline solution-moistened misoprostol versus dry misoprostol for first-trimester pregnancy failure

Jerry M. Gilles, Mitchell D Creinin, Kurt Barnhart, Carolyn Westhoff, Margaret M. Frederick, Jun Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to estimate whether the efficacy of treatment with intravaginal misoprostol for first-trimester pregnancy failure is enhanced by the addition of saline solution. Study design: Eighty women with embryonic/fetal death or anembryonic pregnancy were assigned randomly to receive either 800 μg of misoprostol with saline solution (group I, 41 women) or without (group II, 39 women). Treatment was repeated on day 3 if the gestational sac remained. Curettage was performed if the gestational sac remained on day 8 or as necessary during at least 30 days of follow-up. Data were analyzed with the Student t test and the χ 2 or Fisher exact test. Results: By the first follow-up visit, 73% (group I) and 64% (group II) of women passed the gestational sac (P = .38). By the second follow-up visit, expulsion rates were 83% and 87%, respectively (P = .59). Five subjects in each group underwent curettage. Conclusion: Misoprostol is effective for the treatment of failed first-trimester pregnancy. The expulsion rate is not improved by adding saline solution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)389-394
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume190
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anembryonic pregnancy
  • Fetal death
  • Misoprostol
  • Missed abortion
  • Spontaneous abortion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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